Guide for Acceptance and Maintenance of Less Flammable Hydrocarbon Fluid in Transformers
|Publication Date:||16 September 1998|
This guide recommends tests 1 and evaluation procedures, as well as criteria and methods of maintenance, for less flammable hydrocarbon (LFH) transformer insulating fluids. These liquids are also known as high molecular weight hydrocarbon (HMWH) fluids. HMWH dielectric fluids are hereby defined as those fluids having an ASTM D92 fire point of 300 ° C or greater, being primarily composed of, but not restricted to, hydrocarbons. These fluids meet the requirements of the National Electrical Code® (NEC®) (NFPA 70- 1999), 2 Article 450-23, as a less flammable dielectric for use in indoor applications when used in properly designed and installed transformers. Ester- and silicone-based fluids are not covered by this guide. Methods of reconditioning LFH fluids are also described. It is not the intent of this guide to address retrofilling transformers with LFH fluids. Any such substitution of fluids should be performed only after consultation with the manufacturers of fluid and equipment. Where instructions given by the transformer or fluid manufacturers differ from those given in this guide, the manufacturer's instructions are to be given preference.
The purpose of this guide is to assist the transformer operator in evaluating and processing LFH fluids received in new transformers, as received from the fluid manufacturer for filling transformers, and as processed into such equipment. It also assists the operator in maintaining the fluid in serviceable condition. This guide, therefore, recommends standard tests and evaluation procedures, methods of reconditioning and reclaiming LFH fluids, and the analysis results at which these processes become necessary. It will also address the routines for restoring resistance to oxidation, where desired, by the addition of inhibitors.
1 All test methods used to evaluate LFH fluids should be the latest versions available from the American Society of Testing and Materials, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA, 19428-2959, USA (http://www.astm.org/
2 Information on references can be found in Clause 2.