Equipment Reliability Testing - Part 4: Statistical Procedures for Exponential Distribution - Point Estimates, Confidence Intervals, Prediction Intervals and Tolerance Intervals
|Publication Date:||1 August 2001|
|ICS Code (Characteristics and design of machines, apparatus, equipment):||21.020|
|ICS Code (Test conditions and procedures in general):||19.020|
|ICS Code (Application of statistical methods):||03.120.30|
This International Standard provides statistical methods for evaluating point estimates, confidence intervals, prediction intervals and tolerance intervals for the failure rate of items, whose time to failure follows an exponential distribution. This implies that the failure rate is constant with respect to time. It should be noted that although reference is made above to failure rate, the numerical methods to be described are equally applicable to other event rates provided the times to the occurrence of the event follow an exponential distribution. Thus, with this qualification, the numerical methods will apply, for example, to constant failure intensities and constant repair rates. For convenience, however, and to avoid unnecessary repetition, reference will be made in what follows only to failures and failure rates.
Use of the procedures in this standard should be supported by tests to confirm the validity of the assumption of constant failure rate or failure intensity
This standard is also applicable whenever a random sample of items is subjected to a test of times to failure for the purpose of estimating measures of reliability performance.