EVALUATION CRITERIA GUIDE FOR WATER POLLUTION PREVENTION CONTROL AND ABATEMENT PROGRAMS
|Publication Date:||16 January 2004|
This manual describes principles and procedures to be followed in formulating and conducting a water pollution prevention, control, and abatement program, and in planning facilities required for solution of water pollution problems. The manual provides guidance for selecting and applying proven technologies for wastewater treatment and for solids handling and disposal. Both capital expenditures and operating costs are outlined. While the manual is directed primarily toward handling of domestic wastewaters, system alternatives for handling special process wastes from munitions manufacture and processing, metal plating, washrack, photographic, laundry, hospital and other sources are also addressed. The manual includes technical and cost information needed for project decisions and supporting data. Authority to deviate from guidelines presented herein shall be obtained from HQDA (DAEN-ECE-B), WASH DC 20314-1000. Water pollution problems resulting from surface drainage or storm water runoff are not within the scope of this document. Guidance for pollution prevention from those sources is contained in TM 5-820-1 or TM 5-820-4. Guidance for pollution prevention from Central Vehicle Wash Facilities and from Scheduled Vehicle Maintenance Facilities is not within the scope of this document and will be contained in forthcoming guidance.
This manual provides general information, guidance, and criteria for water pollution prevention, control, and abatement programs for Department of the Army activities and installations, including contractor activities located on property under the jurisdiction of the U.S. Army. Direction is provided for formulating pollution control programs at government facilities located in the U.S. where effluent and stream requirements have been or are being established, as well as at overseas installations where guidelines for protecting water resources may not have been formalized. Program steps outlined are intended to conform to basic policy outlined in Executive Order 12088 and implemented by Ar 200-1 and AR 200-2. This directive stipulates that Federal agencies are to design, construct, manage, operate, and maintain their facilities to conform with Federal, State, interstate, and local water quality standards and effluent limitations in accordance with the Federal Water Pollution Control Act, as amended. This manual will assist field offices and commands in formulating water pollution prevention, control, and abatement programs to meet requirements established in the Executive Order which include the following:
-Assurance that all applicable water quality standards and effluent limitations are met on a continuing basis.
-Development of an abatement plan and schedule for meeting applicable standards.
-Presentation of an annual plan for funding of improvements in the design, construction, management, operation, and maintenance of existing and new facilities as may be necessary to meet applicable standards.
-Consideration of the environmental impact for each new facility or modification to an existing facility in the initial stages of planning in accordance with the National Environmental Policy Act.
-Development of cost information on alternative process considerations for new facilities or for modification of existing facilities so that budget requests for design and construction shall reflect the most cost-effective alternative for meeting applicable standards.
-Consultation, as appropriate, with Federal, State, and local regulatory agencies concerning best techniques and methods available for the prevention, control, and abatement of water pollution.
To assist users of the manual, bibliographic references are shown as numbers in parentheses throughout the text to provide in-depth coverage of the processes and treatment trains for the many wastes discussed in this manual.