Standard Consumer Safety Specification on Toy Safety
|Publication Date:||10 November 1996|
On the other hand, while a riding toy has inherent hazards associated with its use (for example, falling off onto the sidewalk), the possible hazards associated with its construction (sharp edges, exposed mechanisms, etc.) will be minimized by the application of its specification.
This specification covers requirements and contains test methods for toys intended for use by children in age groups through 14 years. Different age limits for various requirements will be found in this specification. These limits reflect the nature of the hazards and expected mental or physical ability, or both, of a child to cope with the hazards.
Articles not covered by this specification are as follows:
Sling shots and sharp-pointed darts
Hobby and craft items in which the finished item is not primarily of play value
Model kits in which the finished item is not primarily of play value
Crayons, paints, chalks, and other similar art materials in which the material itself or the finished item is not primarily of play value, except that all art materials, whether or not a component of a toy, must comply to LHAMA, in accordance with 4.31.1-4.31.3.
Sporting goods, camping goods, athletic equipment, musical instruments, and furniture; however, toys that are their counterparts are covered. (It is recognized that there is often a fine line between, for example, a musical instrument or a sporting item and its toy counterpart. The intention of the producer or distributor, as well as normal use and reasonably foreseeable abuse, determines whether the item is a toy counterpart.)
Powered models of aircraft, rockets, boats, and land vehicles; however, toys that are their counterparts are covered.
General guidelines for age labeling toys and toy packaging are contained in Annex A1.
Information regarding packaging and shipping is contained in Annex A2. A table to serve as a guide to the requirements contained in this specification, as applicable to various toy categories, is provided in Annex A3.
This consumer safety specification includes the following sections:
The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.
The following precautionary statement pertains only to the test methods portion, Section 7, of this specification: This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
Footnote 2 - The rationale for this specification may be obtained from ASTM Headquarters. Request RR:F15 ¿ 1000. The Toy Manufacturers of America, Inc. (TMA) can provide its interpretations of this specification through its General Counsel as a service to its members and others. The TMA¿s interpretations are not reviewed or approved by ASTM and should be viewed as TMA¿s alone.