Acoustics - Measurement of Sound Insulation in Buildings and of Building Elements - Part 5: Field Measurements of Airborne Sound Insulation of Facade Elements and Facades
|Publication Date:||15 August 1998|
|ICS Code (Acoustics in building. Sound insulation):||91.120.20|
|ICS Code (Walls. Partitions. Façades):||91.060.10|
This part of ISO 140 specifies two series of methods (element methods and global methods) for measurement of the airborne sound insulation of façade elements and whole façades, respectively. The element methods aim to estimate the sound reduction index of a façade element, for example a window. The most accurate element method uses a loudspeaker as an artificial sound source. Other, less accurate, element methods use available traffic noise. The global methods, on the other hand, aim to estimate the outdoor/indoor sound level difference under actual traffic conditions. The most accurate global methods use the actual traffic as sound source. In addition, a loudspeaker may be used as an artificial sound source. An overview of the methods is given in table 1.
The element loudspeaker method yields an apparent sound reduction index which, under certain circumstances [e.g. taking account of measurement precision (see 7.1)], can be compared with the sound reduction index measured in laboratories in accordance with ISO 140-3 or ISO 140-10. This method is the preferred method when the aim of the measurement is to evaluate the performance of a specified façade element in relation to its performance in the laboratory.
The element road traffic method will serve the same purposes as the element loudspeaker method. It is particularly useful when, for different practical reasons, the element loudspeaker method cannot be used. These two methods will often yield slightly different results. The road traffic method tends to result in lower values of the sound reduction index than the loudspeaker method. In annex D this road traffic method is supplemented by the corresponding aircraft and railway traffic methods.
The global road traffic method yields the real reduction of a façade in a given place relative to a position 2 m in front of the façade. This method is the preferred method when the aim of the measurement is to evaluate the performance of a whole façade, including all flanking paths, in a specified position relative to nearby roads. The result cannot be compared with that of laboratory measurements.
The global loudspeaker method yields the sound reduction of a façade relative to a position 2 m in front of the façade. This method is particularly useful when, for different practical reasons, the real noise source cannot be used. The result cannot be compared with that of laboratory measurements.