Valves - Flanged, Threaded, and Welding End
|Publication Date:||1 January 2004|
This Standard applies to new construction and covers
Standards and Specifications.
Standards and specifications adopted by reference in this Standard and the names and addresses of the sponsoring organizations are shown in Mandatory Appendix VIII. It is not considered practical to refer to a specific edition of each of the standards and specifications in the individual clause references. Instead, the specific edition references are included in Mandatory Appendix VIII. A product made in conformance with a prior edition of reference standards and in all other respects conforming to this Standard shall be considered to be in conformance even though the edition reference may have been changed in a subsequent revision of this Standard.
Time of Purchase, Manufacture, or Installation.
This Standard cites duties and responsibilities that are to be assumed by the valve user in the areas of, for example, application, installation, system hydrostatic testing, operation, and material selection.
Requirements relating to a valve manufacturer 's Quality System Program are described in Nonmandatory Appendix C.
This Standard states valves in both metric and U.S. customary units. These systems of units are to be regarded separately. The U.S. customary units are shown in parentheses or are listed in separate tables. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents; therefore it is required that each system of units be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems constitutes nonconformance with the Standard.
Criteria for selection of valve types and materials suitable for particular fluid service are not within the scope of this Standard.
For the purpose of determining conformance with this Standard, the convention for fixing significant digits where limits, maximum and minimum values, are specified shall be "rounding off" as defined in ASTM Practice E 29. This requires that an observed or calculated value shall be rounded off to the nearest unit in the last right-hand digit used for expressing the limit. Decimal values and tolerance do not imply a particular method of measurement.
Pressure Rating Designation.
Class, followed by a dimensionless number, is the designation for
Class 400, an infrequently used flanged-end valve designation, is regarded as an intermediate class designation.
NPS, followed by a dimensionless number, is the designation for nominal valve size. NPS is related to the reference nominal diameter, DN, used in international standards. The relationship is, typically, as follows:
For NPS ≥ 4, the related DN is: DN = 25 multiplied by the NPS number.
Codes, standards, and specifications, containing provisions to the extent referenced herein, constitute requirements of this Standard. These reference documents are listed in Mandatory Appendix VIII.