Standard Practice for Determining Volatile Organic Compound (VOC) Content of Paints and Related Coatings
|Publication Date:||1 March 2004|
|ICS Code (Paints and varnishes):||87.040|
This practice measures the volatile organic compound (VOC) content of solventborne and waterborne paints and related coatings as determined from the quantity of material released from a sample under specified bake conditions and subtracting exempt volatile compounds and water if present.
NOTE 1 - The regulatory definition, under the control of the U.S. EPA, can change. To ensure currency, contact the local air pollution control agency.
This practice provides a guide to the selection of appropriate ASTM test methods for the determination of VOC content.
Certain organic compounds that may be released under the specified bake conditions are not classified as VOC, as they do not participate in atmospheric photochemical reactions. Such nonphotochemically reactive compounds are referred to as exempt volatile compounds in this practice.
NOTE 2 - A list of the current US EPA approved exempt volatile compounds is found in Appendix X3, paragraph X220.127.116.11.
VOC content is calculated as a function of (1) the volume of coating less water and exempt volatile compounds, and (2) the volume of coating solids, and (3) the weight of coating solids.