ARMY TM 5-803-7
AIRFIELD AND HELIPORT PLANNING AND DESIGN
|Publication Date:||1 May 1999|
This manual prescribes dimensional and geometric layout criteria for safe standards for airfields, landing zones, heliports and helipads, and related permanent facilities, as well as the navigational airspace surrounding these facilities. Criteria in this manual pertain to all Department of Defense (DoD) military facilities in the United States, its territories, trusts, and possessions, and unless otherwise noted, to DoD facilities overseas on which the United States has vested base rights. For DoD facilities overseas, there may be more applicable governing authority from agencies such as host nation, International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), or NATO. Procedures for pavement structural design and pavement marking are beyond the scope of this manual. Tenant organizations on civil airports will use these criteria to the extent practicable; otherwise, Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) criteria will apply.
Terminal Instrument Procedures (TERPS). Modifications to existing facilities and construction of new facilities must be closely coordinated with the Major Command (MAJCOM - Air Force), U.S. Army Aeronautical Services Agency (USAASA) and USAASDE, and Naval Flight Information Group (NAVFIG), to ensure instrument flight procedures' compliance with TEIWS. The criteria in this manual do not address instrument flight procedures. TERPS evaluations and processes are described in AFJMAN 1 1-226/TM 95-226/OPNAVINST 3722.16C7 United States Standard for Terminal Instrument Procedures (TERPS). TERPS provides additional criteria to be considered when designing or modifying airfields and facilities on airfields that are used under Instrument Flight Rules (IFR).
Objects Affecting Navigable Airspace. Modifications to existing facilities and construction of new facilities must consider navigable airspace. The criteria for determining obstructions to navigable airspace have been identified in this manual. The designer must consult this manual during the design process to identified obstructions to airspace. For facilities outside the U.S. and its trust territories, host nation criteria apply. If the criteria in this manual are more stringent, this manual should be used to the maximum extent practical.
Navigational Aids (NAVAIDS) and Lighting. NAVAIDS and airfield lighting are integral parts of an airfield and must be considered in the planning and design of airfields and heliports. NAVAID location, airfield lighting, and the grading requirements of a NAVAID must be considered when locating and designing runways, taxiways, aprons and other airfield facilities. Table A17.1 in Attachment 17 includes a list of design documents governing NAVAIDS and lighting and the agency where siting and design information can be obtained.
Vertical-Short Takeoff and Landing (V-STOL) Aircraft (V-22). At shore establishments, the V-22 will be considered a fixed-wing aircraft, and the runway planned according to critical field length. If operational requirements allow for reduced loads and a vertical takeoff pad is desired, contact the appropriate agency aviation office who can provide airfield safety waivers. This manual does not cover design criteria for V-STOL aircraft. Information on the V-22 (Osprey) aircraft may be obtained by contacting: