Fibre optic communication subsystem test procedures Part 2-9: Digital systems Optical signal-to-noise ratio measurement for dense wavelength-division multiplexed systems
|Publication Date:||1 October 2002|
|ICS Code (Fibre optic interconnecting devices):||33.180.20|
This part of IEC 61280 provides a parameter definition and a test method for obtaining optical signal-to-noise ratio (OSNR) using apparatus that measures the optical spectrum at a multichannel interface. Because noise measurement is made on an optical spectrum analyzer, the measured noise does not include source relative intensity noise (RIN) or receiver noise.
Three implementations for an optical spectrum analyser (OSA) are discussed: a diffractiongrating- based OSA, a Michelson interferometer-based
A typical optical spectrum at a multichannel interface is shown in figure 1. Important characteristics are as follows.
• The channels are placed nominally on the grid defined by ITU Recommendation G.694.1.
• Individual channels may be non-existent because it is a network designed with optical add/drop demultiplexers or because particular channels are out of service.
• Both channel power and noise power are a function of wavelength.
For calculating OSNR, the most appropriate noise power value is that at the channel wavelength. However, with a direct spectral measurement, the noise power at the channel wavelength is included in signal power and is difficult to extract. An estimate of the channel noise power can be made by interpolating the noise power value between channels.