CENELEC - EN 60255-121
Measuring relays and protection equipment - Part 121: Functional requirements for distance protection
|Publication Date:||1 July 2014|
|ICS Code (Relays):||29.120.70|
This part of IEC 60255 specifies minimum requirements for functional and performance evaluation of distance protection function typically used in, but not limited to, line applications for effectively earthed, three-phase power systems. This standard also defines how to document and publish performance tests.
This standard covers distance protection function whose operating characteristic can be defined on an impedance plane and includes specification of the protection function, measurement characteristics, phase selection, directionality, starting and time delay characteristics.
The test methodologies for verifying performance characteristics and accuracy are included in this standard. The standard defines the influencing factors that affect the accuracy under steady state conditions and performance characteristics during dynamic conditions. It also includes the instrument transformer requirements for the protection function.
This standard does not specify the functional description of additional features often associated with digital distance relays such as power swing blocking (PSB), out of step tripping (OST), voltage transformer (VT) supervision, switch onto fault (SOTF), trip on reclose (TOR), the logic for cross country faults in not effectively earthed networks, and trip conversion logic. Only their influence on the distance protection function is covered in this standard. The protection of series-compensated lines is beyond the scope of this standard.
The general requirements for measuring relays and protection equipment are defined in IEC 60255-1.