CEN - EN 13381-1
Test methods for determining the contribution to the fire resistance of structural members - Part 1: Horizontal protective membranes
|Publication Date:||1 September 2014|
|ICS Code (Fire-resistance of building materials and elements):||13.220.50|
This European Standard specifies a test method for determining the ability of a horizontal protective membrane, when used as a fire resistant barrier, to contribute to the fire resistance of standard horizontal structural building members as defined in 6.4.2.
Test of horizontal protective membrane installed under a specific non-standard floor should be tested according to EN 1365-2.
This European Standard contains the fire test which specifies the tests which are carried out whereby the horizontal protective membrane, together with the structural member to be protected, is exposed to a fire test according to the procedures defined herein. The fire exposure, to the temperature/time curve given in EN 1363-1, is applied from below the membrane itself.
The test method makes provision, through specified optional additional procedures, for the collection of data which can be used as direct input to the calculation of fire resistance according to the processes given within EN 1992-1-2, EN 1993-1-2, EN 1994-1-2 and EN 1995-1-2.
This European Standard also contains the assessment which provides information relative to the analysis of the test data and gives guidance for the interpretation of the results of the fire test, in terms of loadbearing capacity criteria of the protected horizontal structural member.
In special circumstances, where specified in national building regulations, there can be a need to subject the protection material to a smouldering curve. The test for this and the special circumstances for its use are detailed in Annex C.
The limits of applicability of the results of the assessment arising from the fire test are defined, together with permitted direct application of the results to different structures, membranes and fittings.
This European Standard applies only where there is a gap and a cavity between the horizontal protective membrane and the structural building member. Otherwise, the test methods in prEN 13381-3, EN 13381-4 or prEN 13381-5, as appropriate, apply.
Tests should be carried out without additional combustible materials in the cavity.
Annex A gives details of assessing the performance of the ceiling when exposed to a semi-natural fire.