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ASTM D1883

Standard Test Method for California Bearing Ratio (CBR) of Laboratory-Compacted Soils

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Organization: ASTM
Publication Date: 1 December 2014
Status: inactive
Page Count: 9
ICS Code (Earthworks. Excavations. Foundation construction. Underground works): 93.020
scope:

This test method covers the determination of the California Bearing Ratio (CBR) of pavement subgrade, subbase, and base course materials from laboratory compacted specimens. The test method is primarily intended for, but not limited to, evaluating the strength of materials having maximum particle size less than 34 in. (19 mm).

When materials having a maximum particle size greater than 34 in. (19 mm) are to be tested, this test method provides for modifying the gradation of the material so that the material used for tests all passes the 34-in. (19-mm) sieve while the total gravel (3 in. (75 mm) to plus No. 4 (4.75 mm)) fraction remains the same. While traditionally this method of specimen preparation has been used to avoid the error inherent in testing materials containing large particles in the CBR test apparatus, the modified material may have significantly different strength properties than the original material. However, a large experience database has been developed using this test method for materials for which the gradation has been modified, and satisfactory design methods are in use based on the results of tests using this procedure.

Past practice has shown that CBR results for those materials having substantial percentages of particles retained on the No. 4 (4.75 mm) sieve are more variable than for finer materials. Consequently, more trials may be required for these materials to establish a reliable CBR.

This test method provides for the determination of the CBR of a material at optimum water content or a range of water content from a specified compaction test and a specified dry unit weight. The dry unit weight is usually given as a percentage of maximum dry unit weight determined by Test Methods D698 or D1557.

The client requesting the test may specify the water content or range of water contents and the dry unit weight for which the CBR is desired.

Unless specified otherwise by the requesting client, or unless it has been shown to have no effect on test results for the material being tested, all specimens shall be soaked prior to penetration.

For the determination of CBR of field in-place materials, see Test Method D4429. 

Units-The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The SI units given in parentheses are mathematical conversions, which are provided for information purposes only and are not considered standard. Reporting of test results in units other than inch-pound units shall not be regarded as nonconformance with this test method. 

The gravitational system of inch-pound units is used when dealing with inch-pound units. In this system, the pound (lbf) represents a unit of force (weight), while the unit for mass is slugs. The slug unit is not given, unless dynamic (F = ma) calculations are involved. 

The slug unit of mass is almost never used in commercial practice; that is, density, balances, etc. Therefore, the standard unit for mass in this standard is either kilogram (kg) or gram (g), or both. Also, the equivalent inch-pound unit (slug) is not given/presented in parentheses. 

It is common practice in the engineering/construction profession, in the United States, to concurrently use pounds to represent both a unit of mass (lbm) and of force (lbf). This implicitly combines two separate systems of units; that is, the absolute system and the gravitational system. It is scientifically undesirable to combine the use of two separate sets of inchpound units within a single standard. As stated, this standard includes the gravitational system of inch-pound units and does not use/present the slug unit for mass. However, the use of balances or scales recording pounds of mass (lbm) or recording density in lbm/ft3 shall not be regarded as nonconformance with this standard. 

The terms density and unit weight are often used interchangeably. Density is mass per unit volume whereas unit weight is force per unit volume. In this standard, density is given only in SI units. After the density has been determined, the unit weight is calculated in SI or inch-pound units, or both. 

All observed and calculated values shall conform to the guidelines for significant digits and rounding established in Practice D6026. 

The procedures used to specify how data are collected/ recorded or calculated in this standard are regarded as the industry standard. In addition they are representative of the significant digits that generally should be retained. The procedures used do not consider material variation, purpose for obtaining the data, special purpose studies, or any considerations for the user's objectives, and it is common practice to increase or reduce significant digits or reported data to be commensurate with these considerations. It is beyond the scope of this standard to consider significant digits used in analytical methods for engineering design. 

This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

Document History

March 1, 2016
Standard Test Method for California Bearing Ratio (CBR) of Laboratory-Compacted Soils
This test method covers the determination of the California Bearing Ratio (CBR) of pavement subgrade, subbase, and base course materials from laboratory compacted specimens. The test method is...
ASTM D1883
December 1, 2014
Standard Test Method for California Bearing Ratio (CBR) of Laboratory-Compacted Soils
This test method covers the determination of the California Bearing Ratio (CBR) of pavement subgrade, subbase, and base course materials from laboratory compacted specimens. The test method is...
November 15, 2007
Standard Test Method for CBR (California Bearing Ratio) of Laboratory-Compacted Soils
This test method covers the determination of the CBR (California Bearing Ratio) of pavement subgrade, subbase, and base course materials from laboratory compacted specimens. The test method is...
November 15, 2007
Standard Test Method for CBR (California Bearing Ratio) of Laboratory-Compacted Soils
This test method covers the determination of the CBR (California Bearing Ratio) of pavement subgrade, subbase, and base course materials from laboratory compacted specimens. The test method is...
November 15, 2007
Standard Test Method for CBR (California Bearing Ratio) of Laboratory-Compacted Soils
This test method covers the determination of the CBR (California Bearing Ratio) of pavement subgrade, subbase, and base course materials from laboratory compacted specimens. The test method is...
November 1, 2005
Standard Test Method for CBR (California Bearing Ratio) of Laboratory-Compacted Soils
*  This test method covers the determination of the CBR (California Bearing Ratio) of pavement subgrade, subbase, and base course materials from laboratory compacted specimens. The test method is...
February 10, 1999
Standard Test Method for CBR (California Bearing Ratio) of Laboratory-Compacted Soils
1. Scope * 1.1 This test method covers the determination of the CBR (California Bearing Ratio) of pavement subgrade, subbase, and base/course materials from laboratory compacted specimens. The test...
January 1, 1994
Standard Test Method for CBR (California Bearing Ratio) of Laboratory-Compacted Soils
A description is not available for this item.
June 15, 1992
STANDARD TEST METHOD FOR CBR (CALIFORNIA BEARING RATIO) OF LABORATORY- COMPACTED SOILS
A description is not available for this item.
August 28, 1987
STANDARD TEST METHOD FOR CBR (CALIFORNIA BEARING RATIO) OF LABORATORY- COMPACTED SOILS
A description is not available for this item.
June 27, 1973
STANDARD TEST METHOD FOR BEARING RATIO OF LABORATORY-COMPACTED SOILS (R 1978)
A description is not available for this item.

References

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