NPFC - MIL-STD-202-302
TEST METHOD STANDARD METHOD 302, INSULATION RESISTANCE
|Publication Date:||18 April 2015|
Purpose. This test is to measure the resistance offered by the insulating members of a component part to an impressed direct voltage tending to produce a leakage of current through or on the surface of these members. A knowledge of insulation resistance is important, even when the values are comparatively high, as these values may be limiting factors in the design of high-impedance circuits. Low insulation resistances, by permitting the flow of large leakage currents, can disturb the operation of circuits intended to be isolated, for example, by forming feedback loops. Excessive leakage currents can eventually lead to deterioration of the insulation by heating or by directcurrent electrolysis. Insulation resistance measurements should not be considered the equivalent of dielectric withstanding voltage or electric breakdown tests. A clean, dry insulation may have a high insulation resistance, and yet possess a mechanical fault that would cause failure in the dielectric withstanding voltage test. Conversely, a dirty, deteriorated insulation with a low insulation resistance might not break down under a high potential. Since insulating members composed of different materials or combinations of materials may have inherently different insulation resistances, the numerical value of measured insulation resistance cannot properly be taken as a direct measure of the degree of cleanliness or absence of deterioration. The test is especially helpful in determining the extent to which insulating properties are affected by deteriorative influences, such as heat, moisture, dirt, oxidation, or loss of volatile materials.