NPFC - MIL-STD-202-307
TEST METHOD STANDARD METHOD 307, CONTACT RESISTANCE
|Publication Date:||18 April 2015|
Purpose. The purpose of the contact resistance test is to determine the resistance offered to a flow of current during its passage between the electrical contacting surfaces of connecting components, such as plugs, jacks, connectors, and sockets, or between the electrical contacts of current controlling components, such as switches, relays, and circuit breakers. For practical reasons, lead and terminal resistances may be included in the actual measurement, as well as the contact resistance proper. In many applications it is required that the contact resistance be low and stable, so that the voltage drop across the contacts does not affect the accuracy of the general circuit conditions. If large currents are passed through high resistance contacts, excessive energy losses and dangerous overheating of the contacts may occur.
Precautions. Contact resistance values between two contacting surfaces are influenced by such factors as the resistivities of the surface materials; contact pressure; area; shape; condition (including relative cleanliness, smoothness, and hardness) of surfaces; current; open circuit voltage appearing at the contacts during interruption of current; temperature; and thermal conductivity of leads. These factors should be considered in designing test jigs or clamps, or in performing contact resistance measurements. Contact resistances are usually measured by a 4- terminal procedure, using a Kelvin bridge, or by the voltmeter-ammeter method. The test current used is usually the maximum rated current for the contacting surfaces involved. In measuring contact resistance, it is important to keep the specimen free from vibration, and to prevent changes in normal contact pressure which might result from improper application of test jigs or clamps.