Infrared free air applications
|Publication Date:||1 January 2004|
|ICS Code (Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC)):||33.100|
|ICS Code (Optoelectronics. Laser equipment):||31.260|
This International Standard describes the classification of IR devices into groups and classes in order to identify and clarify problems caused by mutual interference. Mutual interference is caused by the increasing parallel application of different infrared (IR) systems.
Due to its physical characteristics, the possibility of local limitation is a special feature of IR radiation.
In this standard, the wavelength range from 700 nm to 1 600 nm is considered. All systems based on free air application which intentionally or unintentionally use IR radiation in this range, are included. Products which unintentionally emit IR radiation, such as illumination equipment are not deemed to be IR application systems. They are, however, integrated into this standard in order to enable facility planners to take into consideration and to foresee provisions against disturbance of IR application systems by such unintentionally emitted radiation.
The object of this standard is to prevent or at least to minimize mutual interference and to allow the coexistence of different IR products. It is intended to identify each IR product by its characteristics, according to the classification criteria.
It is not the object of this standard to describe the consequences of interference between IR systems or safety aspects of optical radiation.
All applications of fibre-optic technology are excluded.
In this context "free air" means freely radiated IR in indoor or outdoor applications.
If the IR systems are used for information transmission, this standard is only relevant in connection with the physical layer of the open systems interconnection (OSI) reference model (ISO 7498-1).
NOTE The reader should be aware that a risk of interference between different infrared systems as assessed by this standard is based on general parameters and therefore cannot take all the parameters involved into account. In many cases the practical results may differ from those expected, for example the positioning of sender and receiver and the choice of advanced coding and decoding schemes. All these factors beyond the physical layer may have an effect on the final result.