Standard Practice for Design of Journal Bearing Supports to be Used in Fiber Reinforced Concrete Beam Tests
|Publication Date:||1 July 2015|
This practice prescribes the design of journal-bearing type rollers to support each end of fiber-reinforced concrete beams tested using Test Method C1399/C1399M or Test Method C1609/C1609M. The roller design is intended to provide a consistent and relatively low value of effective coefficient of friction at the beam supports. The bearing design incorporates metal-on-metal sliding surfaces lubricated with grease.
NOTE 1-During the progress of a test, a crack or cracks open on the underside of the beam between the loaded third points causing the underside of each portion of the beam to move away from the center. The design is intended to provide for unlimited rotation of the roller at the point of contact with the test beam in response to this motion.
NOTE 2-The design of the supporting rollers is a significant factor in determining the magnitude of the arching forces that cause error in flexural test results.2 Improperly designed supporting rollers can influence the apparent flexural behavior of fiber-reinforced concrete beams.3 The effective coefficient of friction can be determined using a method similar to that described by Bernard.4
Units-The values stated in either SI units or inchpound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformance with the standard.
This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2 Zollo, R. F., 2013. "Analysis of Support Apparatus for Flexural Load-deflection Testing: Minimizing Bias," Journal of Testing and Evaluation, ASTM International, Vol. 41, No. 1, pp. 1-6.
3Wille, K. and
Parra-Montesinos, G.J., 2012. "Effect of Beam Size, Casting Method,
and Support Conditions on Flexural Behavior of
4 Bernard, E.S., 2014. "Influence of friction in supporting rollers on the apparent flexural performance of third-point loaded fibre reinforced concrete beams," Advanced Civil Engineering Materials, ASTM International Vol. 2, No. 1, pp. 158-176.