Standard Test Method for Determination of Total Hydrocarbons in Hydrogen by FID-Based Total Hydrocarbon (THC) Analyzer
|Publication Date:||1 November 2015|
|ICS Code (Hydrogen technologies):||27.075|
This test method describes a procedure for total hydrocarbons (THC) measurement in hydrogen intended as a fuel for fuel cells on a methane (C1) basis. The determination of total hydrocarbons on a C1 basis is an analytical technique where all of the hydrocarbons are assumed to have the same response as methane. Sensitivity from 0.1 part per million (ppm(v), μmole/ mole) up to 1000 parts per million (ppm(v), μmole/mole) concentration are achievable. Higher concentrations can be analyzed using appropriate dilution techniques. This test method can be applied to other gaseous samples requiring analysis of trace constituents provided an assessment of potential interferences has been accomplished.
This test method is an FID-based hydrocarbon analysis method without the use of separation columns. Therefore, this method does not provide speciation of individual hydrocarbons. Several varieties of instruments are manufactured and can be used for this method.
This method provides a measure of total hydrocarbons "as methane," because all hydrocarbon species are quantified the same as methane response, which is the sole species used for calibration. Magnitude of the FID response to an atom of carbon is dependent on the chemical environment of this atom in the molecule. This method provides the total hydrocarbon result as if all carbon atoms are from aliphatic, aromatic, olefinic, or acetylenic compounds, where the detector response caused by these atoms are approximately relative to the number of carbon atoms present in the molecule. Other types of molecules, including those containing oxygen or chlorine atoms will respond differently and usually much lower than the corresponding aliphatic hydrocarbon. Therefore other methods (Test Methods D7653, D7892, or equivalent) must be utilized to determine the exact constituents of the total hydrocarbon response determined by this method.
The proper handling of compressed gas cylinders containing air, nitrogen, hydrogen, or helium requires the use of gas regulators to preclude over-pressurization of any instrument component
The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.