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ASTM E1231

Standard Practice for Calculation of Hazard Potential Figures of Merit for Thermally Unstable Materials

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Organization: ASTM
Publication Date: 1 November 2015
Status: active
Page Count: 9
ICS Code (Explosion protection): 13.230
scope:

This practice covers the calculation of hazard potential figures of merit for exothermic reactions, including:

(1) Time-to-thermal-runaway,

(2) Time-to-maximum-rate,

(3) Critical half thickness,

(4) Critical temperature,

(5) Adiabatic decomposition temperature rise,

(6) Explosion potential,

(7) Shock sensitivity,

(8) Instantaneous power density, and

(9) NFPA instability rating.

The kinetic parameters needed in this calculation may be obtained from differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) curves by methods described in other documents.

This technique is the best applicable to simple, single reactions whose behavior can be described by the Arrhenius equation and the general rate law. For reactions which do not meet these conditions, this technique may, with caution, serve as an approximation.

The calculations and results of this practice might be used to estimate the relative degree of hazard for experimental and research quantities of thermally unstable materials for which little experience and few data are available. Comparable calculations and results performed with data developed for well characterized materials in identical equipment, environment, and geometry are key to the ability to estimate relative hazard.

The figures of merit calculated as described in this practice are intended to be used only as a guide for the estimation of the relative thermal hazard potential of a system (materials, container, and surroundings). They are not intended to predict actual thermokinetic performance. The calculated errors for these parameters are an intimate part of this practice and must be provided to stress this. It is strongly recommended that those using the data provided by this practice seek the consultation of qualified personnel for proper interpretation.

The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

There is no ISO standard equivalent to this practice.

This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

Document History

September 1, 2019
Standard Practice for Calculation of Hazard Potential Figures of Merit for Thermally Unstable Materials
This practice covers the calculation of hazard potential figures of merit for exothermic reactions, including: (1) Time-to-thermal-runaway, (2) Time-to-maximum-rate, (3) Critical half thickness,...
ASTM E1231
November 1, 2015
Standard Practice for Calculation of Hazard Potential Figures of Merit for Thermally Unstable Materials
This practice covers the calculation of hazard potential figures of merit for exothermic reactions, including: (1) Time-to-thermal-runaway, (2) Time-to-maximum-rate, (3) Critical half thickness,...
April 15, 2010
Standard Practice for Calculation of Hazard Potential Figures-of-Merit for Thermally Unstable Materials
This practice covers the calculation of hazard potential figures-of-merit for exothermic reactions, including: (1) Time-to-thermal-runaway, (2) Time-to-maximum-rate, (3) Critical half thickness,...
April 1, 2006
Standard Practice for Calculation of Hazard Potential Figures-Of-Merit for Thermally Unstable Materials
This practice covers the calculation of hazard potential figures-of-merit for exothermic reactions, including: (1) Time-to-thermal-runaway, (2) Critical half thickness, (3) Critical temperature,...
February 10, 2001
Standard Practice for Calculation of Hazard Potential Figures-Of-Merit for Thermally Unstable Materials
1. Scope 1.1 This practice covers the calculation of hazard potential figures-of-merit for exothermic reactions, including: (1) Time-to-thermal-runaway, (2) Critical half thickness, (3) Critical...
February 10, 2001
Standard Practice for Calculation of Hazard Potential Figures-Of-Merit for Thermally Unstable Materials
This practice covers the calculation of hazard potential figures-of-merit for exothermic reactions, including: (1) Time-to-thermal-runaway, (2) Critical half thickness, (3) Critical temperature,...
November 10, 1996
Standard Practice for Calculation of Hazard Potential Figures-of-Merit for Thermally Unstable Materials
A description is not available for this item.
January 1, 1996
Standard Practice for Calculation of Hazard Potential Figures-of-Merit for Thermally Unstable Materials
A description is not available for this item.
April 25, 1988
STANDARD PRACTICE FOR CALCULATION OF HAZARD POTENTIAL FIGURES-OF- MERIT FOR THERMALLY UNSTABLE MATERIALS (R 1994)
A description is not available for this item.

References

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