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ASTM International - ASTM C1421-16

Standard Test Methods for Determination of Fracture Toughness of Advanced Ceramics at Ambient Temperature

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Organization: ASTM International
Publication Date: 1 January 2016
Status: inactive
Page Count: 33
ICS Code (Advanced ceramics): 81.060.30
significance And Use:

5.1 Fracture toughness, KIc, is a measure of the resistance to crack extension in a brittle material. These test methods may be used for material development, material... View More

scope:

1.1 These test methods cover the fracture toughness, KIc, determination of advanced ceramics at ambient temperature. The methods determine KIpb (precracked beam test specimen), KIsc (surface crack in flexure), and KIvb (chevron-notched beam test specimen). The fracture toughness values are determined using beam test specimens with a sharp crack. The crack is either a straight-through crack formed via bridge flexure (pb), or a semi-elliptical surface crack formed via Knoop indentation (sc), or it is formed and propagated in a chevron notch (vb), as shown in Fig. 1.

Note 1: The figures on the right show the test specimen cross sections and crack types. Four-point loading may be used with all three methods. Three-point may be used with the pb and vb specimens.

Note 1: The terms bend(ing) and flexure are synonymous in these test methods.

1.2 These test methods are applicable to materials with either flat or with rising R-curves. Differences in test procedure and analysis may cause the values from each test method to be different. For many materials, such as the silicon nitride Standard Reference Material 2100, the three methods give identical results at room temperature in ambient air.

1.3 The fracture toughness values for a material can be functions of environment, test rate and temperature. These test methods give fracture toughness values for specific conditions of environment, test rate and temperature.

1.4 These test methods are intended primarily for use with advanced ceramics that are macroscopically homogeneous and microstructurally dense. Certain whisker- or particle-reinforced ceramics may also meet the macroscopic behavior assumptions. Single crystals may also be tested.

1.5 This standard begins with a main body that provides information on fracture toughness testing in general. It is followed by annexes and appendices with specific information for the particular test methods.

Main Body Section
 Scope 1
 Referenced Documents 2
 Terminology (including definitions, orientation and symbols) 3
 Summary of Test Methods 4
 Significance and Use 5
 Interferences 6
 Apparatus 7
 Test Specimen Configurations, Dimensions and Preparations 8
 General Procedures 9
 Report (including reporting tables) 10
 Precision and Bias 11
 Keywords 12
 Summary of Changes  
Annexes  
 Test Fixture Geometries Annex A1
 Procedures and Special Requirements for Precracked Beam Method Annex A2
 Procedures and Special Requirements for Surface Crack in Flexure Method Annex A3
 Procedures and Special Requirements for Chevron Notch Flexure Method Annex A4
Appendices  
 Precrack Characterization, Surface Crack in Flexure Method Appendix X1
 Complications in Interpreting Surface Crack in Flexure Precracks Appendix X2
 Alternative Precracking Procedure, Surface Crack in Flexure Method Appendix X3
Chamfer Correction Factors, Surface Crack in Flexure Method Only Appendix X4
Crack Orientation Appendix X5

1.6 Values expressed in these test methods are in accordance with the International System of Units (SI) and Practice IEEE/ASTM SI 10.

1.7 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

1.8 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

Document History

January 1, 2018
Standard Test Methods for Determination of Fracture Toughness of Advanced Ceramics at Ambient Temperature
1.1 These test methods cover the fracture toughness, KIc, determination of advanced ceramics at ambient temperature. The methods determine KIpb (precracked beam test specimen), KIsc (surface crack in...
ASTM C1421-16
January 1, 2016
Standard Test Methods for Determination of Fracture Toughness of Advanced Ceramics at Ambient Temperature
1.1 These test methods cover the fracture toughness, KIc, determination of advanced ceramics at ambient temperature. The methods determine KIpb (precracked beam test specimen), KIsc (surface crack in...
July 1, 2015
Standard Test Methods for Determination of Fracture Toughness of Advanced Ceramics at Ambient Temperature
1.1 These test methods cover the fracture toughness, KIc, determination of advanced ceramics at ambient temperature. The methods determine KIpb (precracked beam test specimen), KIsc (surface crack in...
December 1, 2010
Standard Test Methods for Determination of Fracture Toughness of Advanced Ceramics at Ambient Temperature
1.1 These test methods cover the fracture toughness, KIc, determination of advanced ceramics at ambient temperature. The methods determine KIpb (precracked beam test specimen), KIsc (surface crack in...
May 1, 2009
Standard Test Methods for Determination of Fracture Toughness of Advanced Ceramics at Ambient Temperature
1.1 These test methods cover the fracture toughness, KIc, determination of advanced ceramics at ambient temperature. The methods determine KIpb (precracked beam test specimen), KIsc (surface crack in...
February 1, 2007
Standard Test Methods for Determination of Fracture Toughness of Advanced Ceramics at Ambient Temperature
1.1 These test methods cover the fracture toughness determination of K Ipb (precracked beam test specimen), K Isc (surface crack in flexure), and K Ivb (chevron-notched beam test specimen) of...
October 10, 2001
Standard Test Methods for Determination of Fracture Toughness of Advanced Ceramics at Ambient Temperature
1.1 These test methods cover the fracture toughness determination of KIpb (precracked beam specimen), KIsc (surface crack in flexure), and KIvb (chevron-notched beam specimen) of advanced ceramics at...
October 10, 2001
Standard Test Methods for Determination of Fracture Toughness of Advanced Ceramics at Ambient Temperatures
1.1 These test methods cover the fracture toughness determination of KIpb (precracked beam specimen), KIsc (surface crack in flexure), and KIvb (chevron-notched beam specimen) of advanced ceramics at...
October 10, 2001
Standard Test Methods for Determination of Fracture Toughness of Advanced Ceramics at Ambient Temperatures
1.1 These test methods cover the fracture toughness determination of KIpb (precracked beam specimen), KIsc (surface crack in flexure), and KIvb (chevron-notched beam specimen) of advanced ceramics at...
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