Guide to Design of Slabs-on-Ground
|Publication Date:||1 April 2010|
Purpose and scope
This guide presents information on the design of slabs-onground. Design is the decision-making process of planning, sizing, detailing, and developing specifications preceding construction of slabs-on-ground. Information on other aspects, such as materials, construction methods, placement of concrete, and finishing techniques is included only where needed in making design decisions.
In the context of this guide, slab-on-ground is defined as: a slab, supported by ground, whose main purpose is to support the applied loads by bearing on the ground. The slab is of uniform or variable thickness and it may include stiffening elements such as ribs or beams. The slab may be unreinforced or reinforced with nonprestressed reinforcement, fibers, or posttensioned tendons. The reinforcement may be provided to limit crack widths resulting from shrinkage and temperature restraint and the applied loads. Post-tensioning tendons may be provided to minimize cracking due to shrinkage and temperature restraint, resist the applied loads, and accommodate movements due to expansive soil volume changes.
This guide covers the design of slabs-on-ground for loads from material stored directly on the slab, storage rack loads, and static and dynamic loads associated with equipment and vehicles. Other loads, such as roof loads transferred through dual-purpose rack systems, are also mentioned.
This guide discusses soil-support systems, shrinkage and temperature effects; cracking, curling or warping; and other concerns affecting slab design. Although the same general principles are applicable, this guide does not specifically address the design of roadway pavements, airport pavements, parking lots, or mat foundations.