Reaction-to-fire tests — Determination of fire and thermal parameters of materials, products and assemblies using an intermediate-scale calorimeter (ICAL)
|Publication Date:||1 May 2009|
|ICS Code (Ignitability and burning behaviour of materials and products):||13.220.40|
|ICS Code (Fire-resistance of building materials and elements):||13.220.50|
This International Standard provides a method for measuring the response of materials, products and assemblies exposed in vertical orientation to controlled levels of radiant heating with a piloted ignition source.
This test method is used to determine the ignitability, heat release rates, mass loss rates and visible smoke development of materials, products and assemblies under well-ventilated conditions.
The heat release rate is ascertained by measurement of the oxygen consumption as determined by the oxygen concentration and flow in the exhaust product stream as specified in 5.5.8. Smoke development is quantified by measuring the obscuration of light by the combustion product stream.
Specimens are exposed to heating fluxes ranging from 0 kW/m2 to 50 kW/m2. Hot wires are used as the ignition source.
This test method has been developed for material, product or assembly evaluations, mathematical modelling and design purposes. The specimen shall be tested in thicknesses and configurations representative of actual end product or system uses.
The test method in this International Standard is based on the apparatus described in ASTM E1623 .