Onsite Residential and Commercial Water Reuse Treatment Systems
|Publication Date:||3 April 2020|
This Standard contains minimum requirements for onsite residential and commercial water reuse treatment systems. Systems include the following:
- greywater treatment systems having a rated treatment capacity up to 5,678 L/d (1,500 gal/d). This applies to onsite residential and commercial treatment systems that treat greywater, those that treat laundry water from residential laundry facilities, and those that treat bathing water. See Section 8.1 for performance testing and evaluation;
- residential wastewater treatment systems having a rated treatment capacity up to 5,678 L/d (1,500 gal/d). This applies to onsite residential treatment systems that treat combined wastewater generated by the occupants of residence(s). A reuse system treating 1,514 L/d (400 gal/d) to 5,678 L/d (1,500 gal/d) shall either be demonstrated to have met the Class I requirements of NSF/ANSI 40, or shall meet these requirements during concurrent testing to this Standard. A treatment system treating less than 1,514 L/d (400 gal/d) is not required to have met the Class I requirements of NSF/ANSI 40. See Section 8.2 for performance testing and evaluation; or
- commercial treatment systems. This applies to onsite commercial treatment systems that treat one or more of the following:
- all wastewater from a commercial facility of any capacity;
- laundry wastewater from a commercial facility of any capacity; or
- greywater from commercial facilities with capacities exceeding 5,678 L/d (1,500 gal/d).
These systems shall be performance tested and evaluated at the location of the reuse system installation, using the wastewater generated onsite from the facility serving the treatment system. See Section 8.3 for performance testing and evaluation. The key elements of a field evaluation of a commercial treatment system are described in Annex N-1.
Management methods and end uses appropriate for the treated effluent discharged from onsite residential and commercial treatment systems meeting Class R (single-family residential) or Class C (multi-family and commercial facilities) requirements of this Standard include indoor restricted urban water use, such as toilet and urinal flushing, and outdoor unrestricted urban water use, such as surface irrigation. Effluent quality criteria consistent with these uses are described in Section 8.6, Criteria.This Standard is intended to address public health and environmental issues. Actual performance for any site or system may vary, depending on variations in raw water supply (such as alkalinity and hardness), wastewater constituents, and patterns of use. The end use of the effluent is the responsibility of the owner, design professionals, and regulatory officials.
System components covered under other NSF or NSF/ANSI standards or criteria shall also comply with the requirements therein. This Standard shall in no way restrict new system designs, provided such designs meet the minimum specifications described herein.
The purpose of this Standard is to establish minimum material, design, and construction, and performance requirements for onsite residential and commercial water reuse treatment systems. This Standard also specifies the minimum literature that manufacturers shall supply to authorized representatives and owners as well as the minimum service-related obligations that a manufacturer shall extend to owners.