Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) - Part 4-20: Testing and measurement techniques - Emission and immunity testing in transverse electromagnetic (TEM) waveguides
|Publication Date:||1 April 2022|
|ICS Code (Immunity):||33.100.20|
|ICS Code (Emission):||33.100.10|
This part of IEC 61000 focuses on emission and immunity test methods for electrical and electronic equipment using various types of transverse electromagnetic (TEM) waveguides. These types include open structures (for example striplines and electromagnetic pulse simulators) and closed structures (for example TEM cells). These structures can be further classified as one-port, two-port, or multi-port TEM waveguides. The frequency range depends on the specific testing requirements and the specific TEM waveguide type.
The object of this document is to describe
- TEM waveguide characteristics, including typical frequency ranges and equipment-undertest (EUT) size limitations;
- TEM waveguide validation methods for electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) tests;
- the EUT (i.e. EUT cabinet and cabling) definition;
- test set-ups, procedures, and requirements for radiated emission measurements in TEM waveguides; and
- test set-ups, procedures, and requirements for radiated immunity testing in TEM waveguides.
NOTE Test methods are defined in this document to measure the effects of electromagnetic radiation on equipment and the electromagnetic emissions from the equipment concerned. The simulation and measurement of electromagnetic radiation is not adequately exact for the quantitative determination of effects for all end-use installations. The test methods defined are structured for a primary objective of establishing adequate reproducibility of results at various test facilities for qualitative analysis of effects.
This document does not intend to specify the tests to be applied to any particular apparatus or system(s). The main intention of this document is to provide a general basic reference for all interested product committees of the IEC. For radiated emission measurements, product committees select emission limits and measurement methods in consultation with CISPR standards. For radiated immunity testing, product committees remain responsible for the appropriate choice of immunity tests and immunity test limits to be applied to equipment within their scope. This document describes test methods that are separate from those of IEC 61000‑4‑3 .1
1 Numbers in square brackets refer to the Bibliography.