HPS - ANSI/HPS N43.1
Radiation Safety for the Design and Operation of Particle Accelerators
|Publication Date:||1 January 2011|
This standard applies to all phases of the accelerator facility's life cycle, including design, installation, commissioning, operation, maintenance, upgrade, and decommissioning. This standard specifies requirements and recommendations for radiation safety program management and technical aspects.
This standard is suitable for all accelerator facilities using electron, positron, proton, or ion particles capable of producing ionizing radiation hazards. However, accelerators used within a formalized medical setting directly for diagnosis and/or therapy, such as medical accelerators used for radiotherapy and radio-diagnosis in hospitals, are not covered by this standard.
Accelerator facilities covered by this standard include, but are not limited to, the following accelerator systems:
Small table-top accelerators
Radiography machines > 1 MeV (inspection systems for security, contraband, etc.)
Industrial accelerators (ion implanters, electron beam welders, medical sterilization accelerators, etc.)
Accelerators such as cyclotrons producing radioisotopes for medical or nonmedical uses
Facilities manufacturing and testing medical or industrial accelerators
Multi-use facilities that use accelerators for both medical and non-medical purposes (sub-facilities used only for medical purposes are excluded)
Van de Graaff and other DC-type accelerators
Pulse beam machines providing high peak currents at low duty factors
Large, high-dose-rate R&D machines Synchrotron light and free electron laser (FEL) facilities
Heavy ion accelerators