Standard Guide for Use of Fixed-Point Cells for Reference Temperatures
|Publication Date:||1 May 2016|
This guide describes the essential features of fixed-point cells and auxiliary apparatus, and the techniques required to realize fixed points in the temperature range from 29 to 1085°C.3
Design and construction requirements of fixed-point cells are not addressed in this guide. Typical examples are given in Figs. 1 and 2.
This guide is intended to describe good practice and establish uniform procedures for the realization of fixed points.
This guide emphasizes principles. The emphasis on principles is intended to aid the user in evaluating cells, in improving technique for using cells, and in establishing procedures for specific applications.
For the purposes of this guide, the use of fixed-point cells for the accurate calibration of thermometers is restricted to immersion-type thermometers that, when inserted into the reentrant well of the cell, (1) indicate the temperature only of the isothermal region of the well, and (2) do not significantly alter the temperature of the isothermal region of the well by heat transfer.
This guide does not address all of the details of thermometer calibration.
This guide is intended to complement special operating instructions supplied by manufacturers of fixed-point apparatus.
The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
The following hazard caveat pertains only to the test method portion, Section 7, of this guide. This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
3 In this guide, temperature intervals are expressed in kelvins (K) and millikelvins (mK). Values of temperature are expressed in degrees Celsius (°C), ITS-90.