IEC TR 60919-1
Performance of high-voltage direct current (HVDC) systems with line-commutated converters – Part 1: Steady-state conditions
|Publication Date:||1 May 2010|
|ICS Code (Other equipment related to power transmission and distribution networks):||29.240.99|
|ICS Code (Rectifiers. Converters. Stabilized power supply):||29.200|
This part of the IEC 60919 provides general guidance on the steady-state performance requirements of high-voltage direct current (HVDC) systems. It concerns the steady-state performance of two-terminal HVDC systems utilizing 12-pulse converter units comprised of three-phase bridge (double- way) connections (see Figure 1), but it does not cover multiterminal HVDC transmission systems. Both terminals are assumed to use thyristor valves as the main semiconductor valves and to have power flow capability in both directions. Diode valves are not considered in this report.
Only line-commutated converters are covered in this report, which includes capacitor commutated converter circuit configurations. General requirements for semiconductor linecommutated converters are given in IEC 60146-1-1, IEC/TR 60146-1-2 and IEC 60146-1-3. Voltage-sourced converters are not considered.
This technical report, which covers steady-state performance, is followed by additional documents on dynamic performance and transient performance. All three aspects should be considered when preparing two-terminal HVDC system specifications.
The difference between system performance specifications and equipment design specifications for individual components of a system should be realized. Equipment specifications and testing requirements are not defined in this report. Also excluded from this report are detailed seismic performance requirements. In addition, because there are many variations between different possible HVDC systems, this report does not consider these in detail; consequently, it should not be used directly as a specification for a particular project, but rather to provide the basis for an appropriate specification tailored to fit actual system requirements.
Frequently, performance specifications are prepared as a single package for the two HVDC substations in a particular system. Alternatively, some parts of the HVDC system can be separately specified and purchased. In such cases, due consideration should be given to coordination of each part with the overall HVDC system performance objectives and the interface of each with the system should be clearly defined. Typical of such parts, listed in the appropriate order of relative ease for separate treatment and interface definition, are:
a) d.c. line, electrode line and earth electrode;
b) telecommunication system;
c) converter building, foundations and other civil engineering work;
d) reactive power supply including a.c. shunt capacitor banks, shunt reactors, synchronous and static reactive power (VAR) compensators;
e) a.c. switchgear;
f) d.c. switchgear;
g) auxiliary systems;
h) a.c. filters;
i) d.c. filters;
j) d.c. reactors;
k) converter transformers;
l) surge arresters;
m) series commutation capacitors;
n) valves and their ancillaries;
o) control and protection systems.
NOTE The last four items are the most difficult to separate, and, in fact, separation of these four may be inadvisable.
A complete steady-state performance specification for a HVDC system should consider Clauses 3 to 21 of this report.
Terms and definitions for high-voltage direct current (HVDC) transmission used in this report are given in IEC 60633.
Since the equipment items are usually separately specified and purchased, the HVDC transmission line, earth electrode line and earth electrode (see Clause 10) are included only because of their influence on the HVDC system performance.
For the purpose of this report, an HVDC substation is assumed to consist of one or more converter units installed in a single location together with buildings, reactors, filters, reactive power supply, control, monitoring, protective, measuring and auxiliary equipment. While there is no discussion of a.c. switching substations in this report, a.c. filters and reactive power sources are included, although they may be connected to an a.c. bus separate from the HVDC substation, as discussed in Clause 16.