API RP 75
Recommended Practices for Development of a Safety and Environmental Management Program for Outer Continental Shelf (OCS) Operations and Facilities
|Publication Date:||15 May 1993|
This recommended practice is intended for application to oil, gas, and sulphur facilities in the OCS and to associated equipment handling "toxics", "flammables", and "other materials" described in Pars. 184.108.40.206 and 220.127.116.11. This includes well drilling, servicing, production, and pipeline facilities and operations that have the potential for creating a safety or environmental hazard. The elements of these recommended practices should be applied to these facilities, as appropriate. For simple and nearly identical facilities (such as well jackets and single well caissons), certain elements of the safety and environmental management program, as applicable, need be addressed only once, after verifying that site specific deviations have been evaluated.
Operations that are not within the scope of this recommended practice include mobile offshore drilling units (MODUs) and facilities as well as pipelines and transportation operations regulated by the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT), except to the extent the operation or changes in the operation of such facilities or pipelines may be expected to impact safety or environmental protection on facilities subject to this recommended practice. For example, a MODU operating in conjunction with a fixed platform would be subject to this recommended practice. When measures are taken in accordance with this recommended practice, such measures should conform to the most current requirements of applicable federal, state and local regulations
Toxic substances sometimes handled in OCS operations include hydrogen sulfide (H2S), chlorine (Cl2), and ammonia (NH3). The following are examples of facilities other than oil, gas, and sulphur extraction facilities to which this recommended practice may be also applicable:
a. Hydrogen sulfide and sulphur recovery facilities.
b. Chlorine handling and storage facilities.
c. Ammonia storage and refrigeration facilities.
Due to their thermal, physical, or chemical properties, other materials handled in offshore operations may constitute a safety or environmental hazard if released in an uncontrolled manner. Such substances include steam, hot water, certain chemicals, heat transfer fluids, molten sulphur, and naturally occurring radioactive material (NORM)