API RP 75
Recommended Practices for Development of a Safety and Environmental Management Program for Offshore Operations and Facilities
|Publication Date:||1 May 2004|
This recommended practice is intended for application to offshore oil, gas, and sulphur facilities and associated equipment. This includes well drilling, servicing, production, and pipeline facilities and operations that have the potential for creating a safety hazard or significant environmental impact.
The elements of these recommended practices should be applied to these facilities, as appropriate. For simple and nearly identical facilities (such as well jackets and single well caissons), certain elements of the safety and environmental management program, as applicable, need be addressed only once, after verifying that site specific deviations have been evaluated.
When actions are taken in accordance with this recommended practice, such actions should conform to the most current requirements of applicable federal, state, local regulations, or flag State requirements.
It is recognized that some safety and environmental management systems may have been developed using guidelines of other organizations which may be more appropriate for certain applications (e.g., the International Maritime Organization's (IMO) International Safety Management (ISM) Code for vessel operations). In assessing these systems against this recommended practice the focus should be on assuring the necessary program elements are addressed, not the format or order of the system documentation.
The operator should establish and maintain a procedure to identify the environmental impacts of its activities, products or services that it can control and over which it can be expected to have an influence, in order to determine those which can be expected to have or can have significant impacts on the environment. These should include "toxics", "flammables", and "other material" as described in 22.214.171.124 and 126.96.36.199. Consideration should be given to performing the hazard analysis in accordance with API RP 14J, if applicable.
Toxic substances sometimes handled in OCS operations include hydrogen sulfide (H2S), chlorine (Cl2), and ammonia (NH3). The following are examples of facilities other than oil, gas, and sulphur extraction facilities to which this recommended practice also may be applicable:
a. Offshore liquefied natural gas (LNG) facilities
b. Hydrogen sulfide and sulphur recovery facilities.
c. Chlorine handling and storage facilities.
d. Ammonia storage and refrigeration facilities.
Due to their thermal, physical, or chemical properties, other materials handled in offshore operations may constitute a safety or environmental hazard if released in an uncontrolled manner. Such substances include steam, hot water, certain chemicals, heat transfer fluids, molten sulphur, and naturally occurring radioactive material (NORM).