AWS - C3.9M/C3.9:2009
Specification for resistance brazing
|Publication Date:||1 January 2009|
|ICS Code (Brazing and soldering):||25.160.50|
This specification presents the minimum fabrication and quality requirements for the resistance brazing of materials such as steels, stainless steels, copper, copper alloys, and heat- or corrosion-resistant materials as well as other materials that can be adequately resistance brazed. The purpose of this specification is to standardize resistance brazing process requirements and control braze joint quality for all applications requiring brazed joints of assured quality. This document establishes the minimum requirements for processes and products with a minimum of explanatory information so that sources of ambiguity are minimized. It assigns responsibility for the ultimate quality of the brazed product to a single organization and permits that organization to modify requirements if appropriate to the application. It requires proper documentation of any such modifications. Procedures for the protection of the safety and health of those performing resistance brazing and related operations are of great importance. However, safety and health issues and concerns are beyond the scope of this standard and therefore are not fully addressed herein. Safety and health information is available from other sources, including, but not limited to, ANSI Z49.1, Safety in Welding, Cutting, and Allied Processes. This standard makes use of both the International System of Units (SI) and U.S. Customary Units. The latter are shown within brackets [ ], or in appropriate columns in tables and figures. The measurements may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently.
This specification provides the minimum fabrication, equipment, material, and process procedure requirements, as well as discontinuity limits for the resistance brazing of steels, copper, copper... View More
This specification provides the minimum fabrication, equipment, material, and process procedure requirements, as well as discontinuity limits for the resistance brazing of steels, copper, copper alloys, heat- and corrosion-resistant alloys, and other materials that can be adequately resistance brazed (the resistance brazing of aluminum alloys is addressed in AWS C3.7M/C3.7, Specification for Aluminum Brazing). This specification provides criteria for classifying resistance brazed joints based on loading and the consequences of failure and quality assurance criteria defining the limits of acceptability in each class. This specification defines acceptable resistance brazing equipment, materials, and procedures, as well as the required inspection for each class of joint.View Less