NASA KSC DE 512-SM
GROUND SYSTEMS DEVELOPMENT STANDARD
|Publication Date:||18 March 2019|
KSC-DE-512-SM establishes requirements and guidance for the design and fabrication of ground systems (GS), which includes ground support equipment (GSE) and ground support systems (GSS), to provide uniform methods and processes for the design and development of robust, safe, reliable, maintainable, supportable, and cost-effective GS in support of space flight and institutional programs and projects. This standards manual is intended to supplement the minimum requirements of NASA-STD-5005 by applying more site-specific, stringent, restrictive, or demanding requirements applicable to the specific Kennedy Space Center (KSC) environment and to ensure compatibility with existing systems. This standards manual also provides requirements for GSS because these systems are not covered by NASA-STD-5005.
This document applies to all ground systems designed for use at KSC and design projects managed by KSC for other launch, landing, and recovery locations. This document may be invoked by a program or project for testing facilities, laboratories, flight hardware manufacturing facilities, or other applications. The applicability of KSC-DE-512-SM relative to other NASA and industry design standards is shown in Figure 1.
a. This standards manual applies to all new and modified GS for programs and projects assigned to KSC. The Program may specify the use of this standards manual to other applications (e.g. test hardware or facility projects).
b. KSC-DE-512-SM establishes minimum design requirements for GS, as defined herein, for NASA programs and projects assigned to KSC. This standards manual is intended to establish uniform engineering best practices and methods in the design, documentation, procurement, fabrication, assembly, test, and installation of GS to support KSC operations.
c. This standards manual is required for use by KSC design entities and their support contractors and may be cited in contracts, projects, and other documents as necessary to provide a technical requirement.
d. Rationale and guidance are provided in italic text after the requirement where more definition is needed.
e. The requirements of this standards manual are optional for hardware used only at manufacturing, development, or test sites but are mandatory for hardware used at launch, landing, and retrieval sites.
f. A program may invoke additional requirements that differ from the requirements stated herein. These requirements will be evaluated and approved for use by the KSC Engineering Technical Authority. See KSC-PLN-5400 and 1.3.
g. The Program may elect to manufacture GS or components of GS to NASA flight hardware requirements if the design meets Programmatic functional requirements. The requirements of this document are satisfied by the requirements of NASA flight hardware design and manufacturing standards. NASA and KSC safety requirements for ground systems are not intrinsically satisfied by NASA flight hardware standards and must be addressed in full.
h. KSC Directorates are responsible for invoking this standards manual for the design and development of GS. KSC Directorates have responsibilities described as follows:
(1) KSC Engineering and KSC Safety and Mission Assurance (S&MA) have the responsibility to determine categories or types of GS (e.g., critical vs. noncritical) and any additional requirements resulting from these categories or types.
(2) The KSC Authority Having Jurisdiction has the responsibility and authority to define hazardous areas and approve designs that provide equipment to these areas.
i. This standards manual applies to the following (see Section 4):
(1) ground support equipment,
(2) ground support systems,
(3) facility ground support systems,
(4) special test equipment, and
(5) modifications to commercial off-the-shelf (i.e., modified off-the-shelf [MOTS]).
j. NASA-STD-5005 may be applied by the governing program for GSE provided by entities other than KSC.
k. This standards manual does not apply to the following:
(1) flight hardware,
(2) tools (standard shop),
(3) facilities and utilities (in-house and architect and engineering [A&E] firms), or
(4) design and fabrication of commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) equipment (the application and usage of COTS equipment in GSE designs must meet the requirements of this standard).
KSC-DE-512-SM does not cover the design and fabrication of tools, facilities and utilities, or COTS equipment. However, other KSC standards and industry standards may apply to these designs.
l. The Technical Authority determines the classification of equipment listed in 1.2.i, 1.2.j, and 1.2.k.