Standard Specification for Hot-Rolled and Cold-Finished Age-Hardening Stainless Steel Bars and Shapes
|Publication Date:||1 September 2019|
|ICS Code (Steel bars and rods):||77.140.60|
|ICS Code (Steel profiles):||77.140.70|
This specification2 covers bars and shapes of agehardening stainless steels. Hot-finished or cold-finished rounds, squares, hexagons, bar shapes, angles, tees, and channels are included; these shapes may be produced by hot rolling, extruding, or forging. Billets or bars for reforging may be purchased to this specification.
These steels are generally used for parts requiring corrosion resistance and high strength at room temperature, or at temperatures up to 600 °F [315 °C]; 700 °F [370 °C] for Type 632; 840 °F [450 °C] for Type UNS S46910. They are suitable for machining in the solution-annealed condition after which they may be age-hardened to the mechanical properties specified in Section 7 without danger of cracking or distortion. Type XM-25 is machinable in the as-received fully heat treated condition. Type UNS S46910 is suitable for machining in the solution-annealed, cold-worked, and aged-hardened condition.
Types 631 and 632 contain a large amount of ferrite in the microstructure and can have low ductility in forgings and larger diameter bars. Applications should be limited to small diameter bar.
The values stated in either inch-pound units or SI (metric) units are to be regarded separately as standards; within the text and tables, the SI units are shown in [brackets]. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents; therefore, each system must be used independent of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformance with the specification.
Unless the order specifies an "M" designation, the material shall be furnished to inch-pound units.
NOTE 1-For forgings, see Specification A705/A705M.
NOTE 2-For billets and bars for forging see Specification A314.
This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.
2 For ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code applications, see related Specification SA-564/SA-564M in Section II of that Code.
*A Summary of Changes section appears at the end of this standard