Appearance of Gear Teeth - Terminology of Wear and Failure
|Publication Date:||8 August 2014|
This standard provides nomenclature for general modes of gear tooth wear and failure. It classifies, identifies, and describes the most common types of failure and provides information that will, in many cases, enable the user to identify failure modes and evaluate the degree or change from original condition.
This standard is based on experience with steel gears; however, many of the failure modes discussed may apply to gears made from other materials.
The solution to many gear problems requires detailed investigation and analysis by specialists and is beyond the scope and intent of this standard.
This standard does not define "gear failure". One observer's "failure" is another observer's "run-in". There is no single definition of gear failure, since whether or not a gear has failed depends on the specific application.
The methods given for reducing the risk of a failure mode are specific to the failure mode considered, and implementation may sometimes worsen, or create other failure modes or unintended consequences. Therefore, it is imperative that any remedy be evaluated prior to implementation and thoroughly tested and evaluated after implementation.
NOTE: "gear" throughout the standard means gear or pinion unless the gear is specifically identified.