CSA - Z98-14
Passenger ropeways and passenger conveyors
|Publication Date:||1 January 2014|
This Standard specifies requirements for the design, manufacture, construction, modification, operation, inspection, testing, and maintenance of passenger ropeways and passenger conveyors.
Requirements for abnormal or unusual conditions are not specifically provided for, nor are all details of engineering and construction prescribed. It is intended that all work performed within the scope of this Standard meet or exceed the safety standards expressed or implied in this Standard.
This Standard does not purport to address all safety issues associated with passenger ropeways and passenger conveyors. It is the responsibility of the users of this Standard to establish appropriate safety practices and to determine the applicability of any regulatory requirements or limitations.
For this Standard, passenger ropeways and passenger conveyors include
(a) reversible above-surface ropeways with single- or double-track ropes;
(b) fixed and detachable grip circulating above-surface monocable, bi-cable, and tri-cable ropeways, including cabin ropeways, chair ropeways, and similar devices;
(c) surface ropeways, including T-bar ropeways, J-bar ropeways, platter ropeways, and similar devices;
(d) tows, including wire and fibre rope tows;
(e) tows for secondary carriers; and
(f) devices with a moving flexible element that
(i) transport persons uphill for recreational or sport activities; or
(ii) are used as loading conveyors.
Freight may be carried on the equipment covered by this Standard, provided that allowance has been made in the design and appropriate precautions are taken.
Existing installations are expected to meet the operation, maintenance, and testing requirements of this edition of this Standard.
Note: It is possible that equipment installed in compliance with previous editions of this Standard will not comply with new design requirements of this edition of this Standard.
For novel designs, new configurations that cannot be precisely classified, and cases of reported non-conformance, exceptions from the requirements of this Standard may be made, provided that equivalent safety is provided.
This Standard may be adopted for use with funicular railways and self-powered reversible above-surface ropeways.
In CSA Standards, "shall" is used to express a requirement, i.e., a provision that the user is obliged to satisfy in order to comply with the standard; "should" is used to express a recommendation or that which is advised but not required; "may" is used to express an option or that which is permissible within the limits of the standard; and "can" is used to express possibility or capability.
Notes accompanying clauses do not include requirements or alternative requirements; the purpose of a note accompanying a clause is to separate from the text explanatory or informative material.
Notes to tables and figures are considered part of the table or figure and may be written as requirements.
Annexes are designated normative (mandatory) or informative (non-mandatory) to define their application.