ASTM International - ASTM D5195-02
Standard Test Method for Density of Soil and Rock In-Place at Depths Below the Surface by Nuclear Methods
|Publication Date:||10 February 2002|
|ICS Code (Earthworks. Excavations. Foundation construction. Underground works):||93.020|
significance And Use:
This test method is useful as a rapid, nondestructive technique for the calculation of the in-place density of soil and rock at desired depths below the surface as opposed to surface measurements... View More
This test method is useful as a rapid, nondestructive technique for the calculation of the in-place density of soil and rock at desired depths below the surface as opposed to surface measurements in accordance with Test Method D 2922.
This test method is useful for informational and research purposes. It should only be used for quality control and acceptance testing when correlated to other accepted methods such as Test Method D 2937.
The non-destructive nature of the test method allows repetitive measurements to be made at a single test location for statistical analysis and to monitor changes over time.
The fundamental assumptions inherent in this test method are that Compton scattering and photoelectric absorption are the dominant interactions of the gammas and the material under test.View Less
1.1 This test method covers the calculation of the density of soil and rock by the attenuation of gamma radiation, where the gamma source and the gamma detector are placed at the desired depth in a bored hole lined by an access tube.
1.2 The density, in mass per unit volume of the material under test, is calculated by comparing the detected rate of gamma radiation with previously established calibration data (see Annex A1).
1.3 A precision statement has not been developed for this standard at this time. Therefore, this standard should not be used for acceptance or rejection of a material for purchasign purposes unless correlated to other accepted ASTM standards.
1.4 The values stated in SI units are regarded as the standard. The inch-pound units given in parentheses are for information only and may be approximate.
1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific precautionary statements are given in Section 6, "Hazards."