Industrial Fans - Specifications for Balance Quality and Vibration Levels
|Publication Date:||15 March 2003|
|ICS Code (Ventilators. Fans. Air-conditioners):||23.120|
|ICS Code (Balancing and balancing machines):||21.120.40|
This International Standard gives specifications for vibration and balance limits of fans for all applications except those designed solely for air circulation, for example, ceiling fans and table fans. However, it is limited to fans of all types installed with a power of less than 300 kW or to a commercially available standard electric motor with a maximum power of 355 kW (following an R20 series). For fans of greater power than this, the applicable limits are those given in ISO 10816-3. Where the fans in an installation have varying powers both above and below 300 kW, and have been the subject of a single contract, then the manufacturer and purchaser shall agree on the appropriate standard to be used. This should normally be based on the majority of units.
Vibration data may be required for a variety of purposes as detailed in Clause 5.
The International Standard recognizes that vibrational measurements may be recorded as velocity, acceleration or displacement either in absolute units or in decibels above a given reference level. The magnitude of vibration measurements may be affected by assembly practices at balancing machines (see Annex B). The preferred parameter is, however, the velocity, in millimeters per second (mm/s). As the conventions vary in different parts of the world, both r.m.s. (root mean square) and peak-to-peak or peak values are given. It should also be remembered that a fan and its parts may be considered as a spring-mass system. An understanding of this fact helps to resolve most vibrational problems (see Annex D).
Account has also been taken of the fact that factory tests are usually conducted with the fan unconnected to a ducting system, such that its aerodynamic duty may be considerably different from that during normal operation. It may also be supported on temporary foundations of different mass and stiffness to those used in situ. Accordingly, such tests are specified with vibration measured "filter-in". In situ tests are specified "filter-out" and as such represent a measure of overall vibration severity.
This International Standard covers fan equipment with rigid rotors, generally found in: commercial heating, ventilating and air conditioning, industrial processes, mine/tunnel ventilation and power-generation applications. Other applications are not specifically excluded. Excluded are installations which involve severe forces, impacts or extreme temperatures. Any or all portions of this International Standard, or modifications thereof, are subject to agreement between the parties concerned.
Fan-equipment foundations and installation practices are beyond the scope of this International Standard. Foundation design and fan installation are not normally the responsibilities of the fan manufacturer. It is fully expected that the foundations upon which the fan is mounted will provide the support and stability necessary to meet the vibration criteria of the fan as it is delivered from the factory.
Other factors, such as impeller cleanliness, aerodynamic conditions, background vibration, operation at speeds other than those agreed upon, and maintenance of the fan, affect the fan-vibration levels but are beyond the scope of this International Standard.
This International Standard is intended to cover only the balance or vibration of the fan and does not take into account the effect of fan vibration on personnel, equipment or processes.