ARMY - AR 220-1
UNIT STATUS REPORTING
|Publication Date:||15 November 2001|
a. This regulation establishes the Army's unit status reporting system. It explains, in detail, what status information Army units are required to report, how reports are prepared, and how reports are submitted.
b. The Army's unit status report (USR) is a part of the Global Status of Resources and Training System (GSORTS). GSORTS is an internal management tool for use by the Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff (CJCS), the Joint Staff, the Services, the unified commands, and the combat support agencies. GSORTS is the single automated reporting system within the Department of Defense that is the central registry of all operational units of the U.S. Armed Forces and certain foreign organizations. As a unit readiness system, GSORTS indicates the level of selected resources and training required to undertake the mission(s) for which a unit was organized or designed. GSORTS provides this information on measured units at a specific point in time. This information supports, in priority order, crisis response planning; deliberate or peacetime planning; and management responsibilities to organize, train, and equip combat-ready forces for the unified commands. Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Manual (CJCSM) 3150.02 requires the commanders of all reporting units to report their units' status in the areas of personnel, equipment on hand, equipment serviceability, and training. The Army requires additional data that increases the value of the USR as a resource management and operations tool for Headquarters, Department of the Army (HQDA). The supplemental data required by the Army was determined by HQDA in coordination with the Army's major commands (MACOMs) to enable the commanders of reporting units to more clearly portray the effects of resource application in their units. Commanders of reporting units submit their USR information through their respective MACOM, or through the National Guard Bureau (NGB) for Army National Guard of the United States (ARNGUS) units, and HQDA to the Joint Staff. The information also is made available to interested commands and commanders-in-chief (CINCs). The information and data contained in the USR enables commanders and staffs at all levels to analyze and address key unit status indicators. At installation level and below, the USR assists commanders to identify resource shortfalls so that cross-leveling actions can be initiated, if appropriate, to alleviate the shortfall. At HQDA and at the MACOM level, USRs provide information that can be used as the basis for resourcing requests and decisions. For joint planners and CINCs, the USR provides an important assessment of the ability of individual units to undertake their assigned wartime missions. The USR is not a unit report card and should not he used to evaluate or compare the accomplishments of subordinate units or their commanders.
c. The Army's USR system is intended to enable the commanders of reporting organizations to uniformly determine and accurately report an overall unit status level or category level (C-level) that indicates the degree to which a unit has achieved prescribed levels of fill for personnel and equipment, the training status of those personnel, and the maintenance status of the equipment. The C-level is based on objective and subjective assessments in the following areas-
(1) Personnel (PER). The personnel status of the unit (that is, the P-level) based on the number and type of required personnel assigned to the unit that are available for the execution of the reporting unit's wartime mission. (See chap 4.)
(2) Equipment on hand (EOH). The equipment status of the unit (that is, the S-level) based on the quantity and type of required equipment that is available for the execution of the reporting unit's wartime mission. (See chap 5.)
(3) Equipment serviceability (ES). The serviceability status of the unit's equipment (that is, the R-level) based on the operational readiness condition of the unit's on-hand and available equipment. (See chap 6.)
(4) Training. The training status of the unit (that is, the T-level) based on the commander's assessment of unit training proficiency on mission-essential tasks and the commander's estimate of the number of training days required to achieve or sustain full mission-essential task list (METL) proficiency. For selected squads, crews, teams, and systems, commanders at all levels determine and report the number of these elements/systems that meets established standards and criteria for manning and qualification and for information and analysis at higher levels. (See chap 7.)
d. Additionally, the Army's USR system provides information to HQDA that-
(1) Assists the portrayal of Army-wide conditions and trends.
(2) Assists the identification of factors that degrade unit status.
(3) Assists the identification of resource shortfalls, if any, by comparing the actual levels of personnel and equipment assets in units with the wartime requirements.
(4) Assists HQDA and intermediate commands to allocate resources.
(5) Assists senior decisionmakers to judge the employability and deployability of reporting units.
e. Reports submitted in accordance with this regulation satisfy-
(1) The requirements of the Army portions of the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Instruction (CJCSI) 3401.02 and CJCSM 3150.02.
(2) HQDA requirements for timely operational management information.
(3) Unit status information requirements established by section 117, title 10, United States Code.
f. Because USRs in GSORTS are part of the Joint Staff/Department of Defense (DOD) readiness reporting system, reporting criteria and guidelines are standardized for all Services to the extent possible. A major goal of GSORTS is to provide useful and accurate information to the war-fighting CINCs regarding the status of the units they will receive in theater, to include accurate estimates of how long it will take for those units to become fully METL trained. The prescribed standard that each reporting unit commander must use as the basis for determining unit status or for estimating required training days is the wartime mission requirement for which the reporting unit was organized or designed. The procedures and standards for measuring and reporting unit status are fixed by JCS and Service policy and cannot be modified by the reporting units without authorization.
(1) Accordingly, for USR purposes, the determination of the unit's resource and training status levels and the overall unit status level will be accomplished only by measuring current resource and training status levels against assigned wartime mission requirements. Furthermore, unit status determinations will be based only on the unit's designed wartime organization as established by the applicable modification table of organization and equipment (MTOE) or the table of distribution and allowance (TDA).
(2) When deployed as a task force (TF) or other ad hoc organization for peacetime operational requirements (that is, smaller-scale contingencies (SSC), military operations other than war (MOOTW), and stability and support operations (SASO)), commanders of reporting units will continue to report (in the USR) the status of resources and training for their units measured against the wartime mission requirement and based on the actual MTOE/TDA unit organization that has a mission assigned by the Joint Strategic Capabilities Plan (JSCP). Ad hoc organizations are those forces/elements that have been tailored and oriented toward a specific operational requirement developed in support of a JSCP-assigned mission. Even if the TF or ad hoc unit is operating under a derivative unit identification code (DUIC) and is reporting its status in accordance with DUIC reporting procedures established in paragraph 11-6, the status of resources and training will be reported by the parent UIC organization from which the subordinate elements came, and these reports will reflect the status of resources and training measured against the wartime requirements.
(3) In accordance with CJCSI/CJCSM policy requirements, the category level (C-level) reported in the USR is not used to indicate a unit's ability to accomplish or sustain currently assigned peacetime operational requirements. Commanders of units that have been assigned or that are currently conducting a peacetime operational deployment will use the "percent effective" (PCTEF) data field to report their assessments of the readiness of their units to undertake the peacetime operational deployment in accordance with the provisions of paragraph 11-3.
(4) Guidance for unit status reporting contained in the Army's disengagement plan has been incorporated into provisions of AR 220-1 where applicable. This guidance requires that commanders of Army units, in coordination with their MACOM, will consider the timelines established for the recovery, reconstitution, and redeployment of their units when determining the availability of personnel, equipment, and subordinate elements for USR purposes. (See para 3-3.) Additionally, commanders of major combat units that are preparing for, conducting, or recovering from peace-time operational deployments will use the policy guidance in paragraph 11-4f to determine their units' training levels.
Applicability. This regulation applies to the Active Army, the Army National Guard of the United States, and the United States Army Reserve. During mobilization, chapters and policies contained in this regulation may be modified by the proponent.