IEEE - ANSI C57.12.56
Standard Test Procedure for Thermal Evaluation of Insulation Systems for Ventilated Dry-Type Power and Distribution Transformers
|Publication Date:||1 January 1986|
(This Foreword is not a part of ANSI/IEEE C57.12.56-1986, IEEE Standard Test Procedure for Thermal Evaluation of Insulation Systems for Ventilated Dry-Type Power and Distribution Transformers.)
This standard was developed to provide a method for evaluating insulation systems for ventilated dry-type transformers with high-voltage ratings greater than 600 V. Since the procedures contained herein are new, experience factors may require future revision.
The working group that developed this standard used AIEE 65-1956, the Proposed Test for Thermal Evaluation of Ventilated Dry-Type Power and Distribution Transformers, as a starting point. New materials and coil-design techniques necessitated a revision of the procedure to recognize such factors as layer insulation, higher impulse withstand capabilities, and new organic, high-temperature insulations. This standard describes methods that take the new materials and processes into account.
The working group was unable to define an existing insulation system to use as a control for comparison with an insulation system under test; therefore, an arbitrary extrapolation criteria of 40 000 h was selected for the evaluation. The working group urges the Dry-Type Transformer Industry to report results of tests using this standard to provide a basis for future improvement.
The working group considered aging under voltage stresses which might cause partial discharge but ruled it out since present transformer designs are generally made to be as free of partial discharges as practical.
The working group considered a vibration and shock procedure as one of the aging factors. So little information is published regarding the effects of vibration and shock in high-voltage insulation systems that it was impossible to include it in this standard. The working group urges the industry to report procedures and results of testing insulation systems with vibration and shock so that revisions of this standard may incorporate these factors, if they are found to be significant.
This standard relates voltage withstand end-point criteria to the impulse voltage distribution within the coil or to the initial-voltage withstand of the coil. A relationship between impulse withstand of the insulation and short-term 60 Hz withstand is identified so that 50/60 Hz testing of model coils is possible.
Acknowledgement and thanks are extended to those who have so freely given their time and knowledge and have conducted experimental work on which this standard is based.
This standard was developed by a working group of the Dry-Type Transformer Subcommittee of the IEEE Transformer Committee of the IEEE Power Engineering Society.
This standard is intended to establish a uniform method for determining the temperature classification of ventilated dry-type power and distribution transformer insulation systems by test rather than by chemical composition.
These insulation systems are intended for use in transformers listed in ANSI C57.12.50-1981 1 and ANSI C57.12.51-1981 , and whose highest voltages exceed nominal 600 V.
NOTE - In this standard, the term transformer shall be considered to mean ventilated dry-type transformer unless qualified by other descriptive terms.