|Publication Date:||30 November 2003|
This Standard covers the preparation of buttwelding ends of piping components to be joined into a piping system by welding. It includes requirements for welding bevels, for external and internal shaping of heavy-wall components, and for preparation of internal ends (including dimensions and tolerances). Coverage includes preparation for joints with the following:
(a) no backing rings
(b) split or noncontinuous backing rings
(c) solid or continuous backing rings
(d) consumable insert rings
(e) gas tungsten arc welding (GTAW) of the root pass.
Details of preparation for any backing ring must be specified when ordering the component.
This Standard applies to any metallic materials for which a welding procedure can be satisfactorily qualified, but does not prescribe specific welding processes or procedures. Unless otherwise specified by the purchaser, it does not apply to welding ends conforming to ASME B16.5 or B16.9.
The values stated in either metric or inch units are to be regarded separately as standard. Within the text, the inch units are shown in parentheses. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents; therefore, each system must be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformance with the Standard.
NPS, followed by a dimensionless number, is the designation for nominal fitting size. NPS is related to the reference nominal diameter, DN, used in international standards. The relationship is typically as follows:
For NPS ≥4, the related DN is: DN = 25 × NPS
Nonmandatory requirements relating to the manufacturer's quality system program are described in Nonmandatory Appendix A.
For the purpose of determining conformance with this Standard, the convention for fixing significant digits where limits, maximum or minimum values, are specified shall be "rounding off" as defined in ASTM Practice E 29. This requires that an observed or calculated value shall be rounded off to the nearest unit in the last righthand digit used for expressing the limit. Decimal values and tolerances do not imply a particular method of measurement.