NAVY - MIL-HDBK-1013/1A
PHYSICAL SECURITY OF FACILITIES, DESIGN GUIDELINES FOR
|Publication Date:||15 December 1993|
This handbook is to be used during the engineering design of Department of Defense (DoD) facilities to assure appropriate physical security is included. The guidelines are based upon the best currently available research and test data, and will be revised or expanded as additional research results become available. The contents include procedures for planning and designing an integrated physical security system for new facilities as well as the retrofit of existing facilities. The focus is on construction choices for protection against forced entry, and ballistic and standoff weapons. Design procedures are also summarized for vehicle bomb blast protection, referencing appropriate sources for details.
This handbook supersedes Military Handbook (MIL-HDBK) 1013/1, Design Guidelines for Physical Security of Fixed Land-Based Facilities, dated 9 October 1987.
This handbook is divided into eight major sections and four appendices. Sections 2 and 3 contain procedures to follow during the planning and design phases of a project to assure adequate security. Sections 4 through 8 contain supporting detailed design data and instructions. The appendices contain physical security system design worksheets. The content of each major section is summarized as follows:
Section 2 - Pre-Design Phase: Specific requirements and criteria for the security system are established during the pre-design phase. The section begins with a brief overview of DoD directives and instructions defining physical security related planning policies and requirements. This is followed by a procedure to establish: (1) the design threat, (2) the operating procedures and expected alarm response times of the security guard forces, and (3) other requirements and constraints that may affect the security system design.
Section 3 - Design Phase: The objective of this phase is to design an integrated physical security system that meets the requirements and criteria identified during the pre-design phase. The section begins with a discussion of the elements of a physical security system followed by the definitions of certain key terms. It then provides a step-by-step procedure for designing the security system for a new facility or the retrofit design of an existing facility using the detailed information in Sections 4 through 8.
Section 4 - Exterior Site-Related Physical Security: This section addresses the design of the outermost elements of the security system. The exterior area involved lies between the perimeter of the site and the facility containing the assets to be protected. Exterior physical security contributes to the effectiveness of an integrated security system design in the choice of: (1) site layout, including facility location relative to fences and vehicle barriers to enhance protection against forced entry, bomb blast, standoff weapons and ballistic threats; (2) access control at site points of entry to protect against covert entry threats; (3) exterior intrusion detection sensors or guards to detect perimeter crossover points; (4) closed-circuit television (CCTV) or guards to assess an alarm as a threat; (5) security lighting to support the threat detection and assessment function; and (6) other essential functions that must be maintained to support the above elements. Each of these elements is addressed referring to other sources for more details when appropriate.
Section 5 - Building Physical Security Against Forced and Covert Entry: This section begins with a description of the threat severity levels for forced and covert entry followed by an overview of the important elements required to achieve an effective integrated security system design including building layout, access control, interior intrusion detection system, and CCTV. Minimum prescribed DoD security construction requirements for vaults and strongrooms; sensitive compartmented information facilities; and arms, ammunition, and explosive (AA&E,) and nuclear weapons facilities are then provided, including related penetration delay times. For those cases where the minimum prescribed designs do not provide sufficient delay relative to guard response times, or when there are no prescribed designs for a given facility type, see Section 5.5 (for new construction) or Section 5.6 (for retrofit construction) for design options that achieve the required delays.
Section 6 - Ballistic Attack Hardening: This section begins with a description of the small arms and military ballistic threats and the general hardening mechanisms by which they can be stopped. Hardening design options available for both new and retrofit construction are then presented.
Section 7 - Standoff Weapons Hardening: This section begins with a description of the standoff Rocket Propelled Grenade (RPG) threat and the general mechanisms by which RPGs can be stopped. Hardening design options available for both new and retrofit construction are then presented.
Section 8 - Bomb Blast Hardening: This section summarizes the design approach for hardening against vehicle-transported bomb blast effects for both new and existing construction.
Use this handbook to address specific design problems relative to specific subject areas (doors, vehicle barrier, etc.). Related technical documents are identified appropriately within the text for each unique subject area.