NFPA - 1H
Fire Code Handbook
|Publication Date:||1 January 2015|
The scope includes, but is not limited to, the following:
(1) Inspection of permanent and temporary buildings, processes, equipment, systems, and other fire and related life safety situations
(2) Investigation of fires, explosions, hazardous materials incidents, and other related emergency incidents
(3) Review of construction plans, drawings, and specifications for life safety systems, fire protection systems, access, water supplies, processes, hazardous materials, and other fire and life safety issues
(4) Fire and life safety education of fire brigades, employees, responsible parties, and the general public
(5) Existing occupancies and conditions, the design and construction of new buildings, remodeling of existing buildings, and additions to existing buildings
(6) Design, installation, alteration, modification, construction, maintenance, repairs, servicing, and testing of fire protection systems and equipment
(7) Installation, use, storage, and handling of medical gas systems
(8) Access requirements for fire department operations
(9) Hazards from outside fires in vegetation, trash, building debris, and other materials
(10) Regulation and control of special events including, but not limited to, assemblage of people, exhibits, trade shows, amusement parks, haunted houses, outdoor events, and other similar special temporary and permanent occupancies
(11) Interior finish, decorations, furnishings, and other combustibles that contribute to fire spread, fire load, and smoke production
(12) Storage, use, processing, handling, and on-site transportation of flammable and combustible gases, liquids, and solids
(13) Storage, use, processing, handling, and on-site transportation of hazardous materials
(14) Control of emergency operations and scenes
(15) Conditions affecting fire fighter safety
(16) Arrangement, design, construction, and alteration of new and existing means of egress
Title. The title of this Code shall be NFPA 1, Fire Code, of the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA).
The purpose of this Code is to prescribe minimum requirements necessary to establish a reasonable level of fire and life safety and property protection from the hazards created by fire, explosion, and dangerous conditions.
The provisions of NFPA 1 represent the minimum levels of protection needed to provide for life safety from fire to building occupants, property protection, and enhanced emergency responder safety. Building owners should carefully consider whether additional safeguards might be needed based on their specific loss tolerability. For example, meeting the requirements of NFPA 1 alone might not provide sufficient protection from those codes and standards listed in Chapter 2 of this Code shall be considered a part of this Code.
The codes and standards referenced in Chapter 2 are mandatory requirements of this Code and should be enforced as part of this Code to the extent they are referenced. In certain instances, this Code references the complete code or standard; in other instances, a specific section of the code or standard is referenced. All references to the codes and standards listed in Chapter 2 should be taken in the context of the Code requirements of Chapters 1 through 75.
Where no applicable codes, standards, or requirements are set forth in this Code or contained within other laws, codes, regulations, ordinances, or bylaws adopted by the authority having jurisdiction (AHJ), compliance with applicable codes and standards of NFPA or other nationally recognized standards as are approved shall be deemed as prima facie evidence of compliance with the intent of this Code.
NFPA publishes some 300 codes and standards that can assist the AHJ with areas not specifically addressed by this Code or offer guidance in determining equivalent levels of protection, as provided in Section 1.4. Where no NFPA code or standard exists to address a particular situation, the AHJ can use any nationally recognized standard that addresses the situation for guidance, including industry standards from organizations such as the American Petroleum Institute (API) or the Compressed Gas Association (CGA).
Nothing herein shall diminish the authority of the AHJ to determine compliance with codes or standards for those activities or installations within the AHJ's responsibility.