CSA - S16-14
Design of steel structures
|Publication Date:||1 January 2014|
Scope and application
This Standard provides rules and requirements for the design,
fabrication, and erection of steel structures. The design is based
on limit states. The term "steel structures" refers to structural
members and frames that consist primarily of structural steel
components, including the detail parts, welds, bolts, or other
fasteners required in fabrication and erection. This Standard also
applies to structural steel components in structures framed in
other materials. The clauses related to fabrication and erection
serve to show that design is inextricably a part of the
Requirements for steel structures such as bridges, antenna towers, offshore structures, and cold-formed steel structural members are given in other CSA Group Standards.
This Standard applies unconditionally to steel structures, except that supplementary rules or requirements might be necessary for
a) unusual types of construction;
b) mixed systems of construction;
c) steel structures that
i) have great height or spans;
ii) are required to be movable or be readily dismantled;
iii) are exposed to severe environmental conditions;
iv) are exposed to severe loads such as those resulting from vehicle impact or explosion;
v) are required to satisfy aesthetic, architectural, or other requirements of a non-structural nature;
vi) employ materials or products not listed in Clause 5; or
vii) have other special features that could affect the design, fabrication, or erection;
d) tanks, stacks, other platework structures, poles, and piling; and
e) crane-supporting structures.
The use of other standards for the design, fabrication, erection, and/or inspection of members or parts of steel structures is neither warranted nor acceptable except where specifically directed in this Standard. The design formulas provided in this Standard may be supplemented by a rational design based on theory, analysis, and engineering practice acceptable to the regulatory authority, provided that nominal margins (or factors) of safety are at least equal to those intended in the provisions of this Standard. The substitution of other standards or criteria for fabrication, erection, and/or inspection is expressly prohibited unless specifically directed in this Standard.
In this Standard, "shall" is used to express a requirement, i.e., a provision that the user is obliged to satisfy in order to comply with the standard; "should" is used to express a recommendation or that which is advised but not required; and "may" is used to express an option or that which is permissible within the limits of the Standard.
Notes accompanying clauses do not include requirements or alternative requirements; the purpose of a note accompanying a clause is to separate from the text explanatory or informative material.
Notes to tables and figures are considered part of the table or figure and may be written as requirements.
Annexes are designated normative (mandatory) or informative (non-mandatory) to define their application.