Gas turbine applications — Safety
|Publication Date:||1 February 2009|
|ICS Code (Gas and steam turbines. Steam engines):||27.040|
This International Standard covers the safety requirements for gas turbine applications using liquid or gaseous fuels and the safety related control and detection systems and essential auxiliaries for all types of open cycles (simple, combined, regenerative, reheat, etc.) used in onshore and offshore applications including floating production platforms.
This International Standard applies to driven machinery only where it is an integral part of the gas turbine (e.g. a gearbox integral to the gas turbine), or is located within the gas turbine enclosure and forms part of the enclosure hazardous area classification (e.g. a generator within the gas turbine enclosure), or where the driven machinery has a direct effect on the operational safety of the gas turbine.
This International Standard details the anticipated significant hazards associated with gas turbines and specifies the appropriate preventative measures and processes for reduction or elimination of these hazards. This International Standard addresses the risks of injury or death to humans and risks to the environment. Equipment damage without risk to humans or the environment is not covered.
Gas turbine packages are generally specified using International Standards and national standards. Achieving safety is promoted by using additional safety codes and standards, which are shared by gas turbines with other technologies. It is necessary to recognize that local legislation in the country in which the equipment is to be put to use may not be covered by this International Standard.
This International Standard approaches gas turbine safety from an international perspective based on the content of existing, recognized ISO and IEC standards to the greatest extent possible. Where no ISO or IEC standard exists, other codes or standards (such as EN, NFPA, etc.) have been included. Where local or national legislation accepts other established codes or standards, or an alternative international or national standard providing equivalent requirements for achieving the desired tolerable level of risk, the use of these alternative codes or standards in place of the references provided in Clause 2 is permissible.
This International Standard excludes gas turbines used primarily for direct and indirect propulsion, special heat source applications and in research and development programmes. It also excludes gas turbines for closed-cycle and semi-closed cycle applications, and compressed-air energy storage plants. Where appropriate, this International Standard can be used to give general guidance in such applications.
This document is not applicable to machinery or safety components that were manufactured before the date of its publication as an International Standard.