Ergonomics of the thermal environment Methods for the assessment of human responses to contact with surfaces Part 1: Hot surfaces
|Publication Date:||1 September 2006|
|ICS Code (Ergonomics):||13.180|
This part of ISO 13732 provides temperature threshold values for burns that occur when human skin is in contact with a hot solid surface.
It also describes methods for the assessment of the risks of burning, when humans could or might touch hot surfaces with their unprotected skin.
This part of ISO 13732 also gives guidance for cases where it is necessary to specify temperature limit values for hot surfaces; it does not set surface temperature limit values.
NOTE 1 Such temperature limit values can be specified in specific product standards or in regulations in order to prevent human beings sustaining burns when in contact with the hot surface of a product.
This part of ISO 13732 deals with contact periods of 0,5 s and longer.
It is applicable to contact when the surface temperature is essentially maintained during the contact (see 4.1).
It is not applicable if a large area of the skin (approximately 10 % or more of the skin of the whole body) can be in contact with the hot surface. Neither does it apply to skin contact of more than 10 % of the head or contact which could result in burns of vital areas of the face.
NOTE 2 In some cases, the results of contact with a hot surface can be more serious for the individual, for example:
- burns resulting in the restriction of airways;
- large burns (more than 10 % of the body surface) that can impair the circulation by fluid loss;
- heating of a large proportion of the head or whole body that could lead to unacceptable heat strain even in the absence of burning.
This part of ISO 13732 is applicable to the hot surfaces of all kind of objects: equipment, products, buildings, natural objects, etc. For the purposes of simplification, it mentions only products; nevertheless, it applies to all other objects as well.
It is applicable to products used in any environment, e.g. in the workplace, in the home.
It is applicable to hot surfaces of products that may be touched by healthy adults, children, elderly people and also by people with physical disabilities.
It does not provide data for the protection against discomfort or pain.