Electric toys – Safety
|Publication Date:||1 April 2017|
|ICS Code (Toys):||97.200.50|
|ICS Code (Domestic safety):||13.120|
This International Standard specifies safety requirements for electric toys that have at least one function dependant on electricity, electric toys being any product designed or intended, whether or not exclusively, for use in play by children under 14 years of age.
NOTE 1 Examples of electric toys also within the scope of this standard are
- constructional sets;
- experimental sets;
- functional electric toys (an electric toy that performs and is used in the same way as a product, appliance or installation intended for use by adults, and which may be a scale model of such product, appliance or installation);
- electric toy computers;
- a doll's house having an interior lamp.
Additional requirements for experimental sets are given in Annex A.
Additional requirements for electric toys incorporating optical radiation sources are given in Annex E.
Measurement methods for electric toys generating electromagnetic fields (EMF) are given in Annex I.
Additional requirements for the safety of remote-controls for electric ride-on toys are given in Annex J.
If the packaging is intended to have play value then it is considered to be part of the electric toy.
This International Standard only covers the safety aspects of electric toys that relate to an electrical function.
NOTE 2 The ISO 8124 series of standards address other aspects of the safety of electric toys. Other horizontal product standards may also apply to electric toys.
This standard covers the safety of electric toys taking power from any source, such as batteries, transformers, solar cells and inductive connections.
NOTE 3 Transformers for toys (IEC 61558-2-7 for linear types or IEC 61558-2-7 and IEC 61558-2-16 for switch mode types), battery chargers (IEC 60335-2-29) and battery chargers for use by children (IEC 60335-2-29 Annex AA:) are not considered to be part of an electric toy even if supplied with an electric toy.
NOTE 4 This standard is not intended to assess the safety of batteries however it does address the safety of the electric toy with the batteries inserted.
This International Standard does not apply to the following products:
- automatic playing machines, whether coin operated or not, intended for public use (IEC 60335-2-82);
- toy vehicles equipped with combustion engines;
- toy steam engines;
- slings and catapults;
- electric decorative robots;
- decorative objects for festivities and celebrations;
- sports equipment, including roller skates, inline skates, and skateboards intended for children with a body mass of more than 20 kg;
- bicycles with a maximum saddle height of more than 435 mm, measured as the vertical distance from the ground to the top of the seat surface, with the seat in a horizontal position and with the seat pillar set to the minimum insertion mark;
- scooters and other means of transport designed for sport or which are intended to be used for travel on public roads or public pathways;
- electrically driven vehicles which are intended to be used for travel on public roads, public pathways, or the pavement thereof;
- aquatic equipment intended to be used in deep water, and swimming learning devices for children, such as swim seats and swimming aids;
- puzzles with more than 500 pieces;
- guns and pistols using compressed gas, with the exception of water guns and water pistols, and bows for archery over 120 cm long;
- products and games using sharp-pointed missiles, such as sets of darts with metallic points;
- functional educational products, such as electric ovens, irons or other functional products operated at a nominal voltage exceeding 24 V which are sold exclusively for teaching purposes under adult supervision;
- fireworks, including percussion caps which are not specifically designed for electric toys;
- products intended for use for educational purposes in schools and other pedagogical contexts under the surveillance of an adult instructor, such as science equipment;
- electronic equipment, such as personal computers and game consoles, used to access interactive software and their associated peripherals, unless the electronic equipment or the associated peripherals are specifically designed for and targeted at children and have a play value on their own, such as specially designed personal computers, key boards, joy sticks or steering wheels;
- interactive software, intended for leisure and entertainment, such as computer games, and their storage media, such as CDs;
- fashion accessories for children which are not for use in play;
- babies soothers;
- personal protective equipment including swimming goggles, sunglasses and other eye protectors as well as bicycle and skateboard helmets;
- products for collectors, provided that the product or its packaging bears a visible and legible indication that it is intended for collectors of 14 years of age and above.
EXAMPLES of this category are
• detailed and faithful scale models,
• kits for the assembly of detailed scale models,
• folk dolls and decorative dolls and other similar articles,
• historical replicas of electric toys, and
• reproductions of real firearms.
- equipment intended to be used collectively in playgrounds;
- amusement machines and personal service machines (IEC 60335-2-82);
- professional electric toys installed in public places (such as shopping centres and railway stations);
- products containing heating elements intended for use under the supervision of an adult in a teaching context;
- portable luminaries for children (IEC 60598-2-10);
- blowers for inflatable activity toys (such as blowers for bouncy castles);