JEDEC JESD 47
Stress-Test-Driven Qualification of Integrated Circuits
|Publication Date:||1 March 2009|
This standard describes a baseline set of acceptance tests for use in qualifying electronic components as new products, a product family, or as products in a process which is being changed.
These tests are capable of stimulating and precipitating semiconductor device and packaging failures. The objective is to precipitate failures in an accelerated manner compared to use conditions. Failure Rate projections usually require larger sample sizes than are called out in qualification testing. For guidance on projecting failure rates, refer to JESD85 Methods for Calculating Failure Rates in Units of FITs. This qualification standard is not aimed at extreme use conditions such as military applications, automotive under-the-hood applications, or uncontrolled avionics environments, nor does it address 2nd level reliability considerations, which are addressed in JEP150.
This set of tests should not be used indiscriminately. Each qualification project should be examined for:
a) Any potential new and unique failure mechanisms.
b) Any situations where these tests/conditions may induce invalid or overstress failures.
If it is known or suspected that failures either are due to new mechanisms or are uniquely induced by the severity of the test conditions, then the application of the test condition as stated is not recommended. Alternatively, new mechanisms or uniquely problematic stress levels should be addressed by building an understanding of the mechanism and its behavior with respect to accelerated stress conditions (Ref. JESD91, "Method for Developing Acceleration Models for Electronic Component Failure Mechanisms" and JESD94, "Application Specific Qualification using Knowledge Based Test Methodology").
Where use conditions are established, qualification testing tailored to meet those specific requirements optimizes resources and is the preferred approach to this default standard (Ref. JESD94).
Consideration of assembly-level effects may also be necessary. For guidance on this, refer to JEP150, Stress-Test-Driven Qualification of and Failure Mechanisms Associated with Assembled Solid State Surface-Mount Components.
This document does not relieve the supplier of the responsibility to assure that a product meets the complete set of its requirements.