IEC TR 60904-14
Photovoltaic devices – Part 14: Guidelines for production line measurements of single-junction PV module maximum power output and reporting at standard test conditions
|Publication Date:||1 November 2020|
|ICS Code (Solar energy engineering):||27.160|
This document provides guidelines for measurements of the maximum power (Pmax) output of single-junction photovoltaic (PV) modules and for reporting at standard test conditions (STC) in industrial production line settings. Such measurements typically:
• Record current-voltage (I-V) data while illuminating the module with a solar simulator;
• Are performed on 100 % of manufactured modules, in order to determine whether they meet nameplate requirements for various bins spanning different power output levels.
This type of measurement is widespread and performed in high volume by PV module manufacturers worldwide. As it is desirable to have consistent measurement practices across the industry, this document describes the following features of such measurements:
• Essential elements, in order to provide common understanding;
• Common issues or complications;
• Sources of error and uncertainty, including recommendations to minimize them.
Understanding of Pmax measurement uncertainties is expected to be useful in application of other IEC documents, such as IEC 61215-1 and IEC 62941, where Pmax tolerances and uncertainties must be determined. Whenever possible, this document references specific IEC documents covering topics in more detail. Where no such documents exist, this document provides guidance and recommendations based on other publications relevant to the PV industry.