ASME - B31.4
Pipeline Transportation Systems for Liquids and Slurries
|Publication Date:||8 December 2022|
This Code prescribes requirements for the design, materials, construction, assembly, inspection, testing, operation, and maintenance of liquid pipeline systems between production fields or facilities, tank farms, above- or belowground storage facilities, natural gas processing plants, refineries, pump stations, ammonia plants, terminals (marine, rail, and truck), and other delivery and receiving points, as well as pipelines transporting liquids within pump stations, tank farms, and terminals associated with liquid pipeline systems.
This Code also prescribes requirements for the design, materials, construction, assembly, inspection, testing, operation, and maintenance of piping transporting aqueous slurries of nonhazardous materials such as coal, mineral ores, concentrates, and other solid materials, between a slurry processing plant or terminal and a receiving plant or terminal.
Piping consists of pipe, flanges, bolting, gaskets, valves, relief devices, fittings, and the pressure-containing parts of other piping components. It also includes hangers and supports, and other equipment items necessary to prevent overstressing the pressure-containing parts. It does not include support structures such as frames of buildings, stanchions, or foundations, or any equipment such as defined in para. 400.1.2(b).
Requirements for offshore pipelines are found in Chapter IX. Requirements for carbon dioxide pipelines are found in Chapter X. Requirements for slurry and process water pipelines are found in Chapter XI.
Also included within the scope of this Code are
(a) primary and associated auxiliary liquid petroleum and liquid anhydrous ammonia piping at pipeline terminals (marine, rail, and truck), tank farms, pump stations, pressure-reducing stations, and metering stations, including scraper traps, strainers, and prover loops
(b) primary and auxiliary slurry piping at storage facilities, pipeline terminals, pump stations, choke stations, and pressure-reducing stations, including piping up to the first valve of attached auxiliary water lines
(c) storage and working tanks, including pipe-type storage fabricated from pipe and fittings, and piping interconnecting these facilities
(d) liquid petroleum, liquid anhydrous ammonia, and slurry piping located on property that has been designated for such piping within petroleum refinery, natural gasoline, gas processing, ammonia, bulk plants, and slurry transportation systems
(e) those aspects of operation and maintenance of liquid and slurry pipeline systems relating to the safety and protection of the general public, operating company personnel, environment, property, and the piping systems [see paras. 400(c) and 400(d)]
This Code was not developed to apply to
(a) building service piping, such as water, air, or steam
(b) pressure vessels, heat exchangers, pumps, meters, and other such equipment, including internal piping and connections for piping except as limited by para. 423.2.4(b)
(c) piping with a design temperature below −20°F (−30°C) or above 250°F (120°C) [for applications below −20°F (−30°C), see paras. 423.2.1(a) and 423.2.6]
(d) casing, tubing, or pipe used in oil wells and wellhead assemblies