Addenda to B31.4-1998 Pipeline Transportation Systems for Liquid Hydrocarbons and other Liquids
|Publication Date:||30 September 2001|
This Code prescribes requirements for the design, materials, construction, assembly, inspection, and testing of piping transporting liquids such as crude oil, condensate, natural gasoline, natural gas liquids, liquefied petroleum gas, carbon dioxide, liquid alcohol, liquid anhydrous ammonia, and liquid petroleum products between producers' lease facilities, tank farms, natural gas processing plants, refineries, stations, ammonia plants, terminals (marine, rail, and truck), and other delivery and receiving points. (See Fig. 400.1.1.)
Piping consists of pipe, flanges, bolting, gaskets, valves, relief devices, fittings, and the pressure containing parts of other piping components. It also includes hangers and supports, and other equipment items necessary to prevent overstressing the pressure containing parts. It does not include support structures such as frames of buildings, stanchions, or foundations, or any equipment such as defined in para. 400.1.2(b).
Requirements for offshore pipelines are found in Chapter IX.
Also included within the scope of this Code are:
(a) primary and associated auxiliary liquid petroleum and liquid anhydrous ammonia piping at pipeline terminals (marine, rail, and truck), tank farms, pump stations, pressure reducing stations, and metering stations, including scraper traps, strainers, and prover loops;
(b) storage and working tanks, including pipe-type storage fabricated from pipe and fittings, and piping interconnecting these facilities;
(c) liquid petroleum and liquid anhydrous ammonia piping located on property which has been set aside for such piping within petroleum refinery, natural gasoline, gas processing, ammonia, and bulk plants;
(d) those aspects of operation and maintenance of Liquid Pipeline Systems relating to the safety and protection of the general public, operating company personnel, environment, property, and the piping systems [see paras. 400(c) and (d)].
This Code does not apply to:
(a) auxiliary piping, such as water, air, steam, lubricating oil, gas, and fuel;
(b) pressure vessels, heat exchangers, pumps, meters, and other such equipment including internal piping and connections for piping except as limited by para. 423.2.4(b);
(c) piping designed for internal pressures:
(1) at or below 15 psi (1 bar) gage pressure regardless of temperature;
(2) above 15 psi (1 bar) gage pressure if design temperature is below minus 20°F (−30°C) or above 250°F (120°C);
(d) casing, tubing, or pipe used in oil wells, wellhead assemblies, oil and gas separators, crude oil production tanks, other producing facilities, and pipelines interconnecting these facilities;
(e) petroleum refinery, natural gasoline, gas processing, ammonia, carbon dioxide processing, and bulk plant piping, except as covered under para. 400.1.1 (c);
(f) gas transmission and distribution piping;
(g) the design and fabrication of proprietary items of equipment, apparatus, or instruments, except as limited by para. 423.2.4(b);
(h) ammonia refrigeration piping systems provided for in ASME B31.5, Refrigeration Piping Code;
(i) carbon dioxide gathering and field distribution system.