Industrial-Process Control - Safety of Analyser Houses
|Publication Date:||1 October 2004|
|ICS Code (Industrial process measurement and control):||25.040.40|
|ICS Code (Safety of machinery):||13.110|
This International Standard describes the physical requirements for the safe operation of the process analyser measuring system installed in an AH in order to ensure its protection against fire, explosion and health hazards. This standard extends beyond IEC 60079-16 to include houses with Zone 2 interiors and to apply to toxic hazards. (Appropriate national guidelines on toxic hazards are to be followed.)
This standard does not address facilities where dust is the hazard.
Clause 4 addresses the location of the AH and connection within the process plant areas.
Clause 5 addresses the design, construction and layout of the AH. It does not address parts of the analyser measuring system installed in other locations such as sample conditioning rooms (SCR) or switchgear rooms.
Clause 6 addresses measures for reducing the danger of explosion for AHs while permitting maintenance of equipment with the power on and the case open.
NOTE For most fluids, the major constraint is that the concentration of vapours, which are hazardous for personnel, is lower than the lower explosive (flammable) limit (LEL) (see Clause 7).
Using n-Pentane as an example, the LEL is 1,4 % or 14 000 × 10-6. The level immediately dangerous to life or health (which is the maximum level from which a worker could escape within 30 min without any escape-impairing symptoms or any irreversible health effects) is only 0,5 % or 5 000 × 10-6.
Classification of a house interior as Zone 1 may imply that no technician can enter without protective equipment such as breathing gear. Placing an AH in a Zone 1 area would usually imply that no technician could approach the house without wearing protective equipment.
Clause 7 addresses those measures for protecting personnel from materials in the atmosphere of AHs that are hazardous to health.